Thursday, November 30, 2017

Video - #50YearsOfPPP - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto -

Documentary - #50YearsOfPPP - Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto - Long Live Bhuttoism

Video - #50YearsOfPPP - Quaid e Awam ZA Bhutto Part 2

Video - #50YearsOfPPP - Quaid e Awam ZA Bhutto

Video - #50YearsOfPPP - Historic Speech of Z A Bhutto at UN security Council 15 December 1971 953,579 views

#50YearsOfPPP - Dila Teer Bija - Long Live Bhuttoism

#50YearsOfPPP - Bhutto continues to rule the people’s hearts

Syed I Husain

On 1 April 1948, 20-year-old Zulfikar Ali Bhutto spoke at University of Southern California of the Islamic Heritage and said, “I see a failure of the Muslim world as a personal failure. In that respect something is binding about the Muslim world despite the fact that it is torn by dissension. I am not a devout Muslim. My interest is soaked in the political, economic and ethnic heritage of Islam. Imperialism has sapped our vitality and drained our blood in every portion of the globe. The young generation of Muslims, who will be the leaders of a new force, of an order founded on justice, wants the end of exploitation. Under the Islamic confederation, the future world may be secure. Destiny demands an Islamic association, political reality justifies it, posterity awaits it, and by God we will experience it. Courage is in our blood, we are the children of rich heritage. We shall surely succeed.”
He frequently spoke about creating a pan Islamic league with his friends. He was always a follower of Quaid-e-Azam Jinnah and would often discuss his ideology with his roommates.
Shortly after Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s death in September 1948, Bhutto wrote to the Pakistani envoy and said, “We have been orphaned at the all-important moment when we needed more than any other force, the torrential magnanimity of our beloved leader. Though the Quaid is no longer with us, yet his pure and virgin spirit will remain forever fertile in our psyche. His entire life was struggle for the improvement and emancipation of his people.” Bhutto spent some time volunteering during summer vacation at Pakistan Embassy. In one of the papers he wrote there, he termed Muhammad Ali Jinnah as his ideal and said that Jinnah was solely responsible for the origination of a state for those he led in the struggle for the emancipation of their lives. His dream of creating a Pakistan has been a outstanding dream, the realisation of his dream has been nothing short of a miracle. He had to lead a people who were thoroughly divided and depressed. He has been a God inspired human being, a man of purity of heart, of an unbelievable audacity and a unique courage and determination.
Less than a year after being enrolled at Lincoln’s Inn in 1953, he was called to the bar at the same location where Muhammad Ali Jinnah had once stayed. Barrister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto apprenticed in the chambers of Ash Lincoln. In 1957, Bhutto became the youngest member of Pakistan’s delegation to the United Nations. He addressed the UN Sixth Committee on Aggression that October and led Pakistan’s delegation to the first UN Conference on the Law of the Sea in 1958. That year, Bhutto also became Pakistan’s youngest federal minister. He entered government as one of President Iskander Mirza’s cabinet members, before being assigned several ministries during President Ayub Khan’s military rule. In 1963, he was appointed as the country’s foreign minister.
In 1965, Pakistan and India went to war. Later on January 10, 1966, President Ayub and Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri agreed to exchange prisoners of war and withdraw respective forces to pre-war boundaries. This agreement was strongly opposed in Pakistan. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s criticism of the final agreement resulted in a major rift between him and President Ayub Khan.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, while addressing the National Assembly in March 1966 after prolonged attacks against the regime for its mishandling of the war, said: “Let us look at the history: In 1939, Britain and France declared war against Germany, because in that respect it was a commitment to support the frontiers of Poland. A commitment that needs to be honoured. What really happened in Korea? It’s a war of liberation. Can Kashmir be exclusion, should we not be committed to the 5 million people of Jammu and Kashmir? The statement, that the future of 50 million people of East Pakistan was jeopardised for 5 million people of Jammu and Kashmir is a bankrupt and immoral argument. Then you will say, let Balochistan go, let Sindh go. Propaganda means vilification, propaganda means slander. No respectable and self-respecting country would like to indulge in propaganda. We do not indulge in propaganda. This is not our policy. Only as far as Jammu and Kashmir is concerned, as far as the liberation is concerned, as far as the question of justice is concerned we are not precluded from espousing and propagating these causes.
I tell you we are true. There can be no force, no strength greater than truth. Truth itself is on our side. India will have to abandon its colony in Jammu and Kashmir.” Three days after the speech, Bhutto was ordered to resign as General Secretary of Ayub’s Muslim League.
The fire Bhutto spouted at the UN, and the chants of victory in the National Assembly made young Pakistanis think that at last they had a leader who was committed to bringing a positive change in the country
Following his resignation as the foreign minister, large crowds gathered upon his arrival in Lahore in June, 1967. Nearly the whole of Lahore gave him an emotional welcome. He was garlanded and hooked onto the shoulders of supporters including students. Salman Taseer, who was at that time a student himself, was there to chant the slogans of ‘Long live Bhutto’. The fire Bhutto spouted at UN, and the chants of victory in the National Assembly made young Pakistanis think that at last they got a leader who was committing to bringing a positive change in the country. Dr Mubashir Hasan’s Gulberg House in Lahore became the locus of the PPP’s birth on November 30, 1967. “Islam is our faith, democracy is our policy, and socialism is our economy” was the party’s manifesto.
In a bid to create a sense of unity among the Muslim countries, Bhutto invited heads of almost every Muslim state to come to Pakistan for an Islamic summit. His efforts in this regard are acknowledged even by his harshest critics. But he could not serve the nation for long. Bhutto’s arrest and the most brutal period of Pakistan’s history after his hanging in 1979 is still fresh in my memory. I would advise the readers to read more about him to know what made him immortal and why he remains alive in the hearts of the people of Pakistan. From prison, he sent a letter to Zia.
“Politics is not the illegal seizure of the state machinery. Politics is not the conversion of a flowering society into a wasteland. Politics is the soul of life. It is my eternal romance with the masses. Only the people can stop this eternal bond. To me politics and the people are synonymous. You or your coterie has no right to take away my spiritual and perishable links with the beloved people of my country. It is an inseparable component of my heritage. My blood is in the blood of Pakistan. I am a constituent of its dust, a part of its aroma. The tears of the people are my tears. The smile on their beautiful face is a part of my smile. My destiny is in the hands of the people. Only the masses have the right to severe or seal their affinities with me.”
No person in the history of Pakistan achieved greater popular power as Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. He is venerated by his followers in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Awam. Bhutto’s political rise and fall were indeed so meteoric that they ended up making him a champion of democracy in the state over which he presided for little more than half a decade prior to his hanging. A full decade after his death, Bhutto remained popular enough to ensure the election of his daughter Benazir Bhutto to the position he once held. The slogan that always greeted her across the country was ‘Jiye Bhutto’. This is why Bhutto is still alive, this is why jiyalas are celebrating the 50 years of the PPP.

#50YearsOfPPP - Sit-in aftermath: Bilawal urges all stakeholders to let democracy function

In the aftermath of Faizabad sit-in, Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari urged on Thursday armed forces and other stake-holders to show restraint and let democracy function in the country.
Addressing workers at a ceremony in Islamabad, he said the issue of Faizabad protests must be deliberated upon by a judicial commission, Express News reported.
The statement came hours after Supreme Court expressed dissatisfaction over performance of intelligence agencies and law enforcement agencies during the nearly three-week-long sit-in by a religious group at the federal capital’s Faizabad Interchange. At least six protesters died, while more than 200 people – including protesters and law enforcers – were injured in the ‘botched’ clearance operation by the capital administration.
“We need to learn from our mistakes and weaknesses to determine the future path,” said the PPP chairman, adding that the last few days were not ideal for the country’s youth as they saw the state kneeling down before the agitators.
Terming the events that led the entire country to a halt as unfortunate, Bilawal said the government’s writ had eroded and rule of law was being mocked.
“… we want to see democratic system flourish in the days to come,” he said. “I want to see the government completing its tenure and that elections being held on time.”

#PPP golden jubilee: Gillani demands merger of Fata with KP

Former prime minister Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani has demanded merger of the Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and said that it was need of the hour to bring the tribal areas in mainstream.
He said that some forces had forced him witting letter against then president Asif Ali Zardari but he preferred his ouster instead writing letter like Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who preferred jail instead accepting offers of going abroad to safe his skin.
Addressing the golden jubilee ceremony of PPP here at the Gillani house on Thursday, he said that the PPP backed Fata merger with KP as a party policy because it was the voice of tribal people. He said the merger is the most logical and practical option.
The former premier said that the meeting with Qatri prince in Jati Umrah is not a good omen. 
He said that when he was a prime minister he preferred meeting foreign diplomats in federal capital. 
Preferably, the meeting should be held in federal capital. The government should arrange meeting of opposition parties with the Qatri prince.
“When I was prime minister I arranged meetings between opposition and foreign diplomats and guests,” he said.
 Gillani greeted the PPP workers and Jiyialas on completion of 50 years of party.
 He said that the PPP had bravely fought against dictatorships for the protection of civil rights of masses. 
The PPP founder Shaheed  Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto played a key role in safe and sound return of 90, 000 soldiers after Dhakka fall. Shaheed Bhutto equipped the country with nuclear program, drafted 1973 Constitution and right to vote to people of Pakistan.
It was Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who amended the Constitution with Khatam-e-Nabuwwat section and enacted laws on Khatam-e-Nabuwwat. He said that Bilawal House is near to completion in the city of saints Multan and it would be completed in the next two months. The PPP workers would remain in contact with party leadership directly.
Gillani said that he was offered lucrative offers during his imprisonment but he preferred jail instead enjoying from perks and offers.
He  said he has done record development projects in southern Punjab during the last PPP government.
The former premier also hoisted party flag at the Gillani House and cut cake of PPP golden jubilee.

Benazir Bhutto: The strongest woman to lead Pakistan both in life and death

Sabyn Javeri
"Is it true that the prime minister of Pakistan is a woman?” asks the female Afghan protagonist of Samira Makhmalbaf’s 2003 film, At Five in the Afternoon. Although I had grown up in a Pakistan that witnessed the prodigal return of Benazir Bhutto against all odds, her miraculous rise, her predictable fall and her tragic end, it was this dialogue that really hit home what it meant to be a female head of the government of a Muslim country. She achieved the impossible and in doing so, inspired many others to believe in their dreams.

She was the first woman to rise to such high office in a country that only a few years earlier had passed a law to reduce the status of a woman’s testimony in court to half that of a man. She inspired millions of others all around the globe, not just with her unbelievable ascent to power but also with her charm and wit, her political intellect and her personality that refused to cower before the toughest of opponents. Her legacy as the most influential Pakistani lives on. She continues to inspire, enthuse and motivate women and the marginalised — both in Pakistan and abroad. For many, she is a symbol of hope, the poster person of dreamers and doers alike.
Having grown up in the shadow of her charismatic father, Benazir came into her own when Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was hanged in 1979. His death fueled her. His mission became hers and she carried on the fight for democracy in self-exile.

She was a brilliant student and excelled in oratory at Harvard and Oxford, inspiring not just minds but also connecting hearts — it was she who introduced the incumbent British Prime Minister Theresa May to Philip May who would become her husband. A shrewd politician and a committed family woman, Benazir has a legacy that refused to die down with her. As veteran journalist Hasan Mujtaba said in his poem, “Tum zinda hokar murda ho/Wo murda hokar zinda hai (You are already dead while you live/She is alive in her death).”
Benazir Bhutto at Ormara airport in Balochistan | Hasan Bozai, White Star
Benazir Bhutto at Ormara airport in Balochistan | Hasan Bozai, White Star
It was Benazir’s unapologetic attitude towards being a woman along with an elected leader that had many in a flux. In the 1980s, at a time when hyper-masculinity was the norm for women making it into a man’s world, she took on politics on her own terms. She actualised the phrase that ‘women can have it all’ by giving birth while also being the prime minister.
She had two brief stints in office (1988-90 and 1993-96) during which she was busier firefighting the conspiracies and allegations against her than actually accomplishing anything. She was a progressive visionary; her ideas, however, did not match that of the torturous administrative apparatus run by a bureaucracy made inefficient by a decade of Ziaul Haq’s military rule. She wanted better ties with India, her meetings with Rajiv Gandhi are well remembered as a means to carve a new roadmap to peace. But this, of course, did not go down well with the military establishment.
She had an ambitious economic agenda but she was not able to realise much of it, partly because of the friction with the army, partly because of opposition from political players such as the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) and Nawaz Sharif, and partly because of the incompetence and corruption of her own party. Most of her time in power was spent battling for survival against the machinations of those opposed to her, including the then presidents of the country, who were constantly trying to bring down her governments.
Benazir faced constant character assassination, perpetual resistance from the mullahs who would try to stir up the public by proclaiming that a government headed by a woman was un-Islamic and persistent refusal by army generals to salute a female prime minister. Yet she managed to leave behind a legacy of commitment to democracy, economic empowerment of the downtrodden and social equality that is rivalled by only the one left by her father.
In spite of the bureaucratic machinery that hindered many of her ideas, she left in her wake the Benazir Income Support Programme that has proved a welfare lifeline for those on the edges of society. Though not established directly by her, it was a result of the ideas she had initiated and was thus named after her. She set up the Lady Health Worker Programme that has become the backbone of the family healthcare system across Pakistan.
She also promoted the idea of higher education and – though not in her term in power – many years later it germinated into the Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST) that now has multiple campuses across Sindh and has expanded into the teaching of law, liberal arts and humanities as well.
Then there are hospitals, schools, roads and many other development initiatives that go unnoticed in the larger political events. She could not get due credit for many of them as they were initiated by her governments but, due to her shortened tenures, were completed by other administrations. Some of her achievements came to light and were acknowledged after her death — as is the case with a posthumous United Nations Human Rights Prize conferred on her in 2008.
Photo by White Star
Photo by White Star
Though not free of corruption scandals – something she faced numerous cases for – she was able to rise above those in death, if not in life. Her courage and defiance, her resilience to rally on even in the face of death threats and terrorist attacks have become symbolic of what it means to be a woman in Pakistan. She was seldom respected by her opponents while she was alive but she is revered by all and sundry after her assassination.
Whether she wanted it or not, Benazir continues to reign on as the most influential Pakistani of our times, overshadowing sportspersons, rock stars, army generals and Islamist jihadists. As she was once quoted to have said, “I have led an unusual life. I have buried a father killed at age 50 and two brothers killed in the prime of their lives. I raised my children as a single mother when my husband was arrested and held for eight years without a conviction — a hostage to my political career.”
A phoenix that rose from the ashes time and again, Benazir proved herself, if she ever needed any proving, through her tragic death in a suicide blast at the height of her election campaign in 2007 as someone who would go to any lengths to achieve her ideals. Many will find it hard to digest that the most influential Pakistani around the world should be a woman but the fact remains: she was the first one of our political leaders who challenged terrorists publicly even when she knew that the price of that challenge could be her own life.

#50YearsOfPPP - Bilawal Bhutto Zardari's news conference on the 50th anniversary of the #PPP

#50YearsOfPPP - #PPP celebrating its Golden Jubilee today; celebrations at district headquarters to be held: Bilawal

Pakistan Peoples Party founded by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, is celebrating its Golden Jubilee today. Chairman Pakistan Peoples Party Bilawal Bhutto Zardari has directed all the office-bearers and workers of the party across Pakistan to hold celebrations at district headquarters on the golden jubilee Foundation Day.
Chairman PPP has also directed all the office-bearers and workers to host Party flags on their houses on the Foundation Day.
It may be recalled that a huge public meeting to observe PPP Foundation Day has been scheduled at Parade Ground in Islamabad on December 5, 2017 where PPP workers from all over the country have also been invited to attend.

#50YearsOfPPP - Bilawal Bhutto asks 'all forces' to let democracy flourish

Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Chairman made a request to all forces in the country on Thursday, asking them let the federal government complete its tenure and thus helping the democracy flourish in the country.
He was talking to an event organised in Islamabad for the 50th anniversary of PPP. Bilawal said that their party is working to strengthen democracy in the country and they will keep doing so. “We should recall our weakness throughout these 50 years,” he suggested.
While recalling the services of his party, he mentioned Benazir Income Support Programme and sacrifices to ensure democracy in the country.

Bilawal’s message on Foundation Day

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari said, “The use of innovative technology is in line with our vision of a technologically-advanced Pakistan. We Are Trend Setters.”
He said that despite braving worst onslaughts, conspiracies and media trials by three dictatorial regimes and their puppets, the PPP was here to stay and continue to make history, stressing that in the struggle for a democratic and invincible Pakistan with an egalitarian society, we lost our founder Chairman Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto and thousands of workers. “But the struggle is on and the convoy of democracy and downtrodden masses is still marching towards our mission,” he added.
The son of ex-President Asif Zardari called for timely elections. On Faizabad sit-in and operation, Bilawal expressed disappointment at the federal government.
The PPP chief announced to hold rally in Islamabad’s Parade Ground on December 5. 
Controversial census
The PPP chief expressed concerns on the annual census saying that Sindh faced unequal treatment as shown in results. He declared the census controversial.
People of Sindh, Balochistan and South Punjab have also complained about the census. Even the people of FATA are not happy with the census, he added.
Week-long celebrations
The 50th anniversary of Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) is being celebrated across the country today. The PPP has decided to arrange week-long ceremonies to mark the golden jubilee celebrations.
Main ceremonies to celebrate golden jubilee of the PPP will be held in Karachi and Islamabad. The PPP co-chairman Asif Ali Zardari will cut the cake in Karachi while PPP chairman Bilawal Bhuttoo Zardari will cut the cake in Islamabad.

سابق صدرِ پاکستان اور پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی پارلیمنٹیرینز کے صدر آصف علی زرداری کا پاکستان پیپلزپارٹی کے 50ویں یوم تاسیس (گولڈن جوبلی) 30نومبر کے موقع پر پیغام

سابق صدرِ پاکستان اور پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی پارلیمنٹیرینز کے صدر آصف علی زرداری نے پاکستان پیپلزپارٹی کے 50ویں یوم تاسیس (گولڈن جوبلی) 30نومبر کے موقع پر اپنے پیغام میں کہا کہ وہ اس شاندار موقع پر ملک کے اندر اور بیرون ملک مقیم تمام پارٹی کارکنوں اور تمام جمہوریت پسند عوام کو مبارکباد پیش کرتے ہیں۔ یہ خوشیاں منانے کا موقع ہے اور اس کے ساتھ ساتھ ہمیں اپنی غلطیوں کا تجزیہ، پارٹی کی تنظیم نو اور اپنے اندر جھانک کر دیکھنا چاہیے۔ عوام کی خدمات کے حوالے سے پارٹی اپنےریکارڈ پر فخر کرتی ہے۔ 
پارٹی نے نعرے “طاقت کا سرچشمہ عوام ہیں” نے گزشتہ 50سالوں میں پاکستان کا سیاسی نقشہ ترتیب دیا ہے۔ حقیقت میں یہ عوام کے ضمیر پر نقش ہو چکی اور کبھی بھی مٹائی نہیں جا سکتی۔ پارٹی نے تسلسل کے ساتھ ایک کے بعد دوسری ڈکٹیٹرشپ کا مقابلہ کرنے کے ساتھ ساتھ ملک کو متفقہ آئین دیا، نیوکلیئر اور میزائل ٹیکنالوجی دے کر ملک کے دفاع کو مضبوط کیا، مشترکہ مفادات کونسل بنا کر صوبوں کو آواز دی ہے، مسلم ممالک کو اجتماعی آواز دی، 1971ء میں گنوائی جانے والی اراضی واگزار کروائی اور خواتین، محنت کشوں، کسانوں اور کچلے ہوئے طبقات کو بااختیار بنایا اور انہیں جبر سے آزاد کرایا۔ یہ پاکستان پیپلزپارٹی ہی ہے
 جس نے شملہ سمجھوتے کے ذریعے پاکستان اور بھارت کے درمیان جنگوں کو رکوایا۔ یہ پیپلزپارٹی ہی ہے جس نے پاکستان میں پہلی مرتبہ حبس بے جا کو قانون میں متعارف کروا کر تمام شہریوں کے انسانی حقوق کا تحفظ کیا۔ اپنے اصولوں اور آئیڈیلز کے لئے پارٹی کے دو سربراہوں اور لاتعداد کارکنوں نے اپنی جانوں کا نذرانہ پیش کیا۔ پارٹی کے ریکارڈ اور جمہوریت کے لئے جدوجہد کا کوئی ثانی نہیں اورملک میں کوئی سیاسی جماعت پیپلزپارٹی کی خدمات کے پاسنگ بھی نہیں۔ پارٹی اس بات پر یقین رکھتی ہے کہ سیاسی تبدیلی آزادانہ اور منصفانہ انتخابات کے ذریعہ آنی چاہیے۔
 پیپلزپارٹی نے ہمیشہ جوڑ توڑ کے ذریعہ سیاسی تبدیلی کی مخالفت کی ہے اور کرتی رہے گی۔ پارٹی سیاسی انجینئرنگ کرنے کی اور ملک میں مذہبی نسل پرستی تھوپنے کی ہر کوشش کی مخالفت کرتی رہے گی۔ پارٹی یہ عہد کرتی ہے کہ غیر منتخب افراد اور اداروں کو عوام کے اختیارات غصب کرنے کی مزاحمت کرے گی۔ سابق صدر نے پارٹی کارکنوں کو ہدایت کی کہ وہ پارٹی کا امید اور ظلم وجبر سے نجات کا پیغام پھیلائیں۔ خاموش اور مایوس عوام کو روشن صبح کی نوید دیں۔ انہیں بتائیں کہ وہ آگے آکر پارٹی کی حمایت کریں تاکہ ان کے خواب شرمندہ تعبیر ہو سکیں۔ آگے آنے والے چیلنجز کا سامنا کرنے کے لئے خود کو تیار کریں۔ کارکنوں کی کامیابی قسمت میں لکھ دی گئی ہے۔ آج اس موقع پر ہم پارٹی لیڈروں اور کارکنوں کے ساتھ ساتھ تمام سیاسی کارکنوں جنہوں نے جمہوریت کی تاریخی جدوجہد میں حصہ لیا ہے اور قربانیاں دی ہیں کو خراج عقیدت اور خراجِ تحسین پیش کرتے ہیں۔ جس وقت جمہوری کارکن ڈکٹیٹرشپ کے خلاف جدوجہد کر رہے تھے تو ریاستی اداروں میں ایسے لوگ بھی تھے جو ڈکٹیٹروں کے سامنے سر تسلیم خم کر رہے تھے، ان سے وفاداری کا حلف لے رہے تھے اور ڈکٹیٹروں کو جواز فراہم کر رہے تھے۔ یہ بات ہمارے کارکنوں کو ممتاز کرتی ہے اور ان کی قربانیاں مزید نمایاں ہو جاتی ہیں۔ پارٹی ان تمام جری اور بہادر کارکنوں کو ان کے عزم و ہمت اور قربانیوں پر سلام پیش کرتی ہے۔ ان کی قربانیوں کے بغیر پارٹی آج ممتاز مقام نہیں حاصل کر سکتی تھی۔

پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی کے50سالہ ایک منفرد جدوجہد

پاکستان کی ہر سیاسی جماعت نے اتارچڑھاو اورعروج وزوال دیکھے ہیں،لیکن جو چیز پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی کو دوسروں سے ممتاز کرتی ہے وہ گزشتہ 50برسوں میں اس کی لیڈرشپ اور کارکنوں کی جانب سے دی جانے والی قربانیاں ہیں، اب یہ اپنی گولڈن جوبلی منا رہی ہے، ‘(30نومبر 1967 سے 2017)۔ یہ جمہوریت، آئین اور پارلیمنٹ کی برتری کیلئےایک منفرد جدوجہد ہے۔ یہ اُن لوگوں کیلئے ایک سبق بھی ہے جنھوں نے یہ سوچا اور ابھی تک سوچتے ہیں کہ لیڈرشپ کو ختم کرنے سے پارٹی ختم ہوجاتی ہے ۔ بھٹو پھانسی کے بعد مزید خطرناک ہوگیا۔
 پی پی پی پر زوال اس وقت آیا جب اس نے حکومت میں اپنی مدت پوری کی اور کچھ بھی ڈلیور نہ کرسکی۔ آج پی پی پی اور اس کے نوجوان رہنما بلاول بھٹوزرداری کیلئے سب سے بڑا چیلنج پارٹی کی ’تجدید‘ہے، جو ذوالفقارعلی بھٹو اور بے نظیر بھٹوجیسے رہنماوں کے بعد اپنی شان کھوچکی ہے۔ اگر موجودہ لیڈرشپ اپنی غلطیوں سے سیکھنے کے قابل ہوگئی اورسندھ میں گُڈ گورننس کا ریکارڈ قائم کرلیا جہاں یہ کئی سالوں سے اقتدار میں ہے تو پیپلز پارٹی آنے والےوقت میں قومی سطح پر جگہ بنانے میں کامیاب ہوجائےگی۔ سیاسی چالوں سے حکومت سازی کرنا ایک الگ چیز ہے اور مخصوص اصولوں پرپارٹی کو منظم کرنا ایک الگ بات ہے۔ معلق پارلیمنٹ کی صورت میں سابق صدر آصف علی زرداری اپنا کردار ادا کرسکتے ہیں لیکن کیا وہ پی پی پی کے ہزاروں کارکنوں کا دل جیت سکتے ہیں خاص کر پنجاب اور خیبر پختونخوا میں جو اب پارٹی کے ساتھ نہیں ہیں۔ جس چیز پر اب عمل کیاجارہاہے 70اور80 کی دہائی میں اس سے پارٹی کے نظریات مختلف تھے، اور زوال کی وجہ ’بنیادی دستاویز‘ سے ہٹنا تھی۔ یہ سچ ہے کہ کوئی بھی شخص ہروقت شاندار ماضی سے جڑا نہیں رہ سکتا، لیکن اس سے کچھ سبق تو سیکھ سکتاہے۔ 
آج پی پی پی اس پرہچکچاہٹ کا شکار نظر آتی ہے کہ ترقی پسند، آزادخیال اور جمہوری نظریات کو لے کرچلے یا قدامت پسندانہ خیالات کے ساتھ آگے بڑھے اور خود کو دائیں بازوں کے رجحانات کے ساتھ ڈھال لے۔ مصلحت کے نام پر سمجھوتا کرے یا بنیادی اصولوں کے ساتھ کھڑی رہے۔ آصف زرداری نے 2007 میں بلاول کو چیئرمین بنا کر ان کے ساتھ ناانصافی کی ، جب وہ اتنے سمجھدار نہیں تھے۔ اب وقت ہے کہ پی پی پی- پارلیمنٹیرین کی قیادت کیلئے سینئررہنمائوں کےبارے میں غورکیاجائے۔ اس سے پارٹی کے ورثے کو جمہوری خطوط پر استوار کرنے میں مدد ملے گی۔ پی پی پی نے گزشتہ 50سال میں چند شاندار سیاسی ذہن اور پارل یمنٹیرینزپیدا کیے ان میں فرحت اللہ بابر، رضا ربانی، آفتاب شعبان میرانی، اعتزاز احسن، قمرزمان کائرہ اور کئی دیگرشامل ہیں۔ بلاول کے لیے ایک اور چیلنج یہ ہوگا کہ ہرمعیار کے مطابق پاکستان کے مقبول ترین رہنما اپنے نانا ذوالفقارعلی بھٹوکےورثے کوکیسے جاری رکھیں گے، ملک کے بدترین فوجی ڈکٹیٹرجنرل ضیاءالحق کے خلاف ان کی جدوجہد مثالی تھی۔ پی پی پی کی طاقت ہمیشہ سے اس کے پُرعزم اور مضبوط کارکن ‘جیالے’ ہیں، ان میں ہزاروں نے پارٹی اور بھٹوسے محبت میں اپنی جانیں بھی قربان کی ہیں۔ آج بلاول پارٹی میں نہ اس طرح کا جذبہ اور نہ ہی اس طرح کے جیالے پیدا کرسکتے ہیں، جو ‘جیئےبھٹو’ کے نعرے لگاتے ہوئے سولی چڑھ جائیں، کوڑے برداشت کریں اور لاہور قلعے میں بدترین تشدد برداشت کریں۔ ان کیلئے پی پی پی اور بھٹو ایک ’ رومانس‘ تھا۔ بھٹوکی پھانسی کے بعد انھوں نے خود سوزی بھی کی، کچھ نے خودکشی بھی کرلی تھی۔ یہ ایک طرح سے ‘منفرد جدوجہد’ تھی کہ اس کے رہنمائوں اور کارکنوں نے بد ترین تشدد، پھانسیاں، کوڑے اورقید بردا شت کی اور حتیٰ کہ کارکنوں نے اپنے رہنما کی محبت میں خود سوزی کرلی تھی۔ پاکستان کی سیاست میں صرف ایک جماعت جو فخرسےدعویٰ کرسکتی ہے کہ اس کے کارکنوں سے لے کر رہنمائوں تک سب نے ملک میں آئین اور جمہوریت کی بالادستی کیلئےقربانیاں دیں، یہ پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی ہے

 جس نے 30نومبر2017کو اپنے پچاس سال مکمل کیے۔ پی پی پی کے بانی ذوالفقار علی بھٹونےخود ٹرائل کا سامنا کیا اور انھیں پھانسی دے دی گئی جسے ان کے بدترین نقاد بھی ‘عدالتی قتل’ قرار دیتے ہیں۔ ان کی بیٹی بے نظیربھٹو نےٹرائل، قید، جلاوطنی کاسامنا کیااور بالآخر قتل کردی گئیں۔ بیگم نصرت بھٹو جنھوں اپنے خاوندکی گرفتاری کے بعد خود قیادت سنبھالی اور ایک بیگم اور ماں کے طور پرصدمہ برداشت کیا۔ مرتضیٰ بھٹو کوایک پُراسرار ‘مقابلے’ میں ماردیاگیا۔ پی پی پی 1973 کےآئین کے اور پاکستان کے ‘نیوکلئیر پروگرام’ کی بانی ہونے کا فخر سے دعویٰ کرسکتی ہے۔ بھٹو کی چند اندرونی پالیسیوں پر تنقید کی جاسکتی ہے لیکن حقیقت یہ ہے کہ دوتہائی اکثریت حاصل کرنے کے باوجود اہم معاملات میں وہ اپوزیشن کو ہمیشہ ساتھ لے کرچلے، ان میں ایک آئین سازی اور دوسرا شملہ معاہدہ شامل ہیں۔ اگربھٹو بلوچستان اورخیبر پختونخوا(سابق صوبہ سرحد) میں نیشنل عوامی پارٹی کی حکومتیں ختم کرنےکےجال میں نہ پھنستے تو آج سیاست مختلف ہوتی۔ پارٹی کا زوال اتنا ہی المناک ہےجتنی اس کی قربانیاں۔ بے نظیرکے بعد کی پی پی پی کی لیڈرشپ کو کچھ نہ کرنے پر اپنی ذمہ داری قبول کرنی چاہیئے۔ جس پارٹی پراپنی تشکیل کے پہلے20سال کے دوران کبھی کرپشن کا الزام نہیں لگا تھا، کئی سمجھوتے کرنے پر اس پر زوال آگیا، ان میں این آر او بدترین تھا۔ پی پی پی کے خلاف مبینہ طور پر اسٹیبلشمنٹ کی جانب سے کئی بڑی سازشیں بھی کی گئیں۔ پی این اے سے آئی جے آئی تک، مڈنائٹ جیکال سے مہران بینک تک ، پی پی پی کو 1970کےبعد کبھی دوتہائی اکثریت نہیں لینے دی گئی۔ حتیٰ کہ سازش کرنےوالوں نے تسلیم کیا اوراور بہادری سے اپنے موقف کا دفاع بھی کیا کہ 1988 میں انھوں نے پی پی پی کو مکمل فتح حاصل کرنےنہیں دی اور 1990کے انتخابات میں دھاندلی کیلئے اپوزیشن میں رقم تقسیم کی۔ کبھی بھی آئین اور اپنے حلف کی خلاف ورزی کرنے پرکسی سازشی کاٹرائل نہیں کیاگیا۔ 30نومبر کو لاہور میں ڈاکٹرمبشرحسن کی رہائش گاہ پر بننے والی جماعت نے اپنی گولڈن جوبلی راولپنڈی میں منانے کا فیصلہ کیاہے کیونکہ ذوالفقار علی بھٹواور بے نظیربھٹو اسی شہر میں شہید ہوئےتھے۔ پی پی پی انقلابیوں اور جاگیر داروں کا حقیقی امتزاج تھی۔ بھٹو خود ایک جاگیردارتھے لیکن ان کا سارا سیاسی طرزِ عمل قومی اور بین الاقوامی سیاست پرمکمل کنٹرول کےساتھ ترقی پسندانہ تھا۔ انھیں عوام میں تقریرکرنے اور بین الاقوامی اجلاسوں میں خطاب کرنےمیں ملکہ حاصل تھا۔ اگر ایک طرف پی پی پی میں مرحوم جےاےرحیم، مرحوم شیخ رشید، ڈاکٹر مبشرحسن، مرحوم معراج محمد خان، مرحوم شیخ رفیق، مرحوم معراج خالد جیسے لوگ شامل رہے، تو دوسری جانب اس میں مخدوم طالب الإمحلہ، مرحوم غلام مصفطیٰ جتوئی، ممتاز علی بھٹو، غلام مصطفیٰ کھرجیسے جاگیردار بھی شامل رہے۔ پی پی پی کی جدوجہد کو پانچ ادوار میں تقسیم کیاجاسکتاہے۔ (1) 1967 سے1970تک (2) 1972سے 1977تک (3) 1978سے 1988تک (4) 1988سے2007تک (5) 2008سے2017 تک۔ پی پی پی کا پہلا دور اس وقت مکمل ہوا جب شیخ مجیب الرحمان کی عوامی لیگ کے بعد دوسری بڑی جماعت بن کر ابھری۔ 1970کےانتخابات کےنتائیج نے ملک کو تقسیم کردیاتھا کیونکہ نہ عوامی لیگ مغربی پاکستان سے کوئی سیٹ جیت سکی اور نہ ہی مشرقی پاکستان سے کسی جماعت نے سیٹیں حاصل کیں۔ اس سے پی پی پی کےتین سال کاپہلا دور ختم ہوگیااور دوسرادور اس وقت شروع ہواجب جنرل یحیٰ خان نے اقتدار بھٹوکےحوالےکیا، ایک سنجیدہ آئینی خلا میں اور ان کے پاس 1972 میں پہلےسویلین مارشل لاء ایڈمنسٹریٹر بننے کے سواان کےپاس کوئی اور راستہ نہیں تھا۔ پی پی پی کا دوسرادور سازشوں، بدانتظامی، میڈیا پر اور پارٹی کے اندراور باہر مخالفین پر دبائو ڈالنے کے گرد گھومتاہے۔