http://tolonews.comAfghanistan's United Nations mission condemned "anti-Government elements" in the country for using education as a political platform after a recent spate of violent attacks on education officials and institutions by insurgents. The UN Afghanistan Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (Unama) said Sunday it was seriously concerned over the recent attacks which violated Afghan children and "their right to education". Education is not a new battle ground in Afghanistan, with the Taliban's tactic of threatening harm to girls' schools and sending death notices to school teachers already well documented. Unama also said it has been monitoring "unacceptable levels of violence" over "the past year". However, a series of disconnected attacks across Afghanistan in the past week suggest that militants may be seeking to increase their power through the soft, but effective, target. The attacks include the assassination of education officials, poisoning water sources at girls' schools, the torching of a girls' school, and threatening harm to dozens of other schools if their doors remain open. "Unama condemns these attacks that aim to limit access to education and to intimidate civilians," the UN mission said in a released statement. "Unama also calls on the Government of Afghanistan and international military forces to ensure that effective security measures are in place to protect schools, students and teachers." UNAMA's calls for greater security follow those of Afghan lawmakers from the eastern Afghan province Ghazni. Ghazni MPs said in a Parliamentary session on April 30 that as many as 100 schools of the provinces 633 total had been closed at some point recently because of threats. Once a school reopens, some students do not return out of fear, making it difficult to renew classes and keep the school going, according to Ministry of Education official Attahullah Wahedyar. Afghan President Hamid Karzai made a public statement on May 5 in a radio address about the impact of school closures on the country. He called on militants who threatened schools to recognise they were ultimately harming Afghanistan's future, not their political enemies. A day later, gunmen fired upon a boys' school in Ghazni. Three students were wounded in the attack, the target of which remains unclear. But intimidation may have been the only aim. Insurgents in Afghanistan's far eastern Nangarhar province took intimidation to a new level when they set a girls' school alight in the Khogyani district on May 7. Taking lives was not the intention as the torching took place at around 10pm at night, but the incident, which seriously damaged the school property, followed threats that had closed as many as 10 schools in the district for a few days. The local Taliban had threatened to harm the schools if one of their own was not released from detention. Local officials had just ordered the schools reopen on the Monday. The torching took place Monday night. On May 8, as many as nine education officials were killed in two separate incidents on opposite sides of the country. Five education officials were killed and six others were wounded in a militant ambush on Tuesday afternoon while they were visiting schools in southeast Paktika province, which borders Pakistan. Meanwhile, four provincial education directors and five Afghan police were killed in a remote-controlled bomb blast late Tuesday in the western Farah province, which shares a border with Iran. On May 9, local officials in northern Balkh province told TOLOnews that as many as 100 schoolgirls and eight school teachers were taken to hospital after a suspected poisoning of the school's water source. It came only three weeks after a similar incident in the north-eastern Takhar province which saw 150 schoolgirls fall ill. Investigations into both tainted-water events remain inconclusive. Unama denounced these tactics as a violation of international humanitarian law, and the right to education, but is powerless to stop it.
Sunday, May 13, 2012
EDITORIAL:THE FRONTIER POST
So hilarious is this jugglery of Shahbaz Sharif
http://www.surgar.netDozens of talented and successful youths are departing to other areas of Afghanistan or abroad, which has created a wider gap of capable individuals in the southern province of Kandahar. The troubled province is facing lack of capable youths who are able to incur positive changes and play vital role in development. Experts acknowledge if the problem persisted it could literally have bad consequences. They recommend Civil Society and Afghan government for a sustainable solution as soon as possible. Pre- Suar revolution in Afghanistan, graduates mainly worked in their related provinces, or at least inside the country, said Niak Mohammad, a veteran teacher. He says, at that time people had the feeling of love and devotion to the country, but now it has either vanished or decreased considerably. “There was a time when graduates would keenly work either in related provinces or somewhere else in the country, but not abroad,” he added. As education is now provided free of charge in Afghanistan, like so many other regimes, Hence, it is their responsibility to serve for the soil where they are trained and educated. Experts assume if talented and successful people reside and work for their own province it will maximally solve the slow work procedure caused due to lack of creative people. Previously, not only government would fulfill it’s responsibility to provide work opportunities within each province but people were devoted and had love for their residence to serve it honestly, but the feelings have been vanished, say experts. Cultural activist and professor at Kandahar University, Hayatullah Rafiqi says for the previous generations morale factors were more important than materials and youths would spend their energy on development of their own states. “Graduates would go to other parts of Afghanistan from Kandahar, while all positions were filled,” he said. Despite the fact that devotion to country has decreased but a considerable number of people are hopeful for a helpful solution. “When there was security all positions were filled,” he added, “one reason for this was that government would provide job opportunities and this would grow keenness to serve within their related states; and this would prevent them departing to other parts of Afghanistan.” While many move off from Kandahar in quest of work, but some are departing due to promotions, which according to some is rather beneficial. The concern is over that category that could find jobs within their native states but still move off abroad or to other parts of the country. “This could have both good and adverse side effects,” said Abdul Nafi Sana, who is from Kandahar and currently work and reside in Kabul, “Because if they are move due to a promotion it is good.” According to his point of view, many youths are not willingly leaving Kandahar but they are forced due to security problems. “I know many who left Kandahar because of security problems, but have returned back when it got comparatively good,” he added. In general expert say that sending talented individuals out of province or to abroad could cause shortage in the number of creative people that could make shaky the overall progress of the state. They say it’s their responsibility to serve where they are trained and have studied.
At least nine people including a minor and three policemen were injured as a bomb exploded on Ring Road near Mal Mandi, Geo News reported. The attack targeting a police check post was planted in bushes. Law enforcement agencies cordoned off the area. The injured were shifted to the Lady Reading Hospital for treatment, where the condition of a policeman was said to be critical. According to an official of the Bomb Disposal Squad, 5-6 kg of explosives were used in the bomb that completely destroyed the police picket.
The Express Tribune