Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Suicide bombing spree in Balochistan

By Naveed Elahi 

Balochistan is home to the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)since the corridor’s flagship project Gwadar Port is based here. Ever since Gwadar started taking concrete shape, foreign powers, big and small, friendly and unfriendly, have turned their guns towards it.
Terrorism is the tool most readily available to them to hinder the project. Initially, the indigenous and low intensity Baloch insurgency was being used for this purpose. Its ineffectiveness to stir the desired level of trouble provided an opportunity to home-grown terrorists like the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and its affiliates to fill the void. Ever since the TTP has taken shelter in Afghanistan, their handlers have turned them towards Balochistan.
A quick look at the history of suicide attacks in Balochistan during the last fourteen years makes the maze of mayhem quite clear. In 2003, one suicide attack took place in a Shia mosque in Quetta in which 54 persons were killed and 57 others were injured. 2004 did not experience any suicide attacks. In 2005, a suicide bomber targeted the shrine of a Shia saint in Jhal Magsi resulting in 51 casualties and injuries to more than a 100 people. 2006 witnessed no attacks. In 2007, three suicide bomb attacks took place. 49 people, including a senior civil judge and lawyers were killed and 80 others were injured. In 2008, one suicide attack took place in which two persons, including a female student, were killed and 22 others were injured. In 2009, two suicide attacks occurred; one on a madrasah (seminary) in Pishin and the other in a hotel in Kalat. As a result, 12 persons were killed and 12 others were injured. 2010 witnessed a substantial rise in terrorism as 3 suicide attacks occurred in Quetta, one on a hospital, one on an Al-Quds rally at a minister’s residence and one on the Chief Minister of Balochistan. About 88 persons were killed and 239 were injured in these incidents. 2011 remained equally tragic as four suicide attacks took place in Quetta; on a DIG of police, at a Shia gathering at Eid-ul-Fitr, on DIG FC and on a political figure. As a result 60 people were killed and 124 others were injured. 2013 experienced a further rise in suicide bombings; 9 suicide attacks occurred in various areas of Balochistan, causing 233 deaths and injuries to 407 others. 2014 witnessed 4 suicide attacks on Shia pilgrims, Hazaras, on Maulana Fazalur Rahman and during a search operation against suicide bombers. As a result, 12 persons were killed and 64 others were injured.
In 2015 one suicide incident took place in which 2 persons were killed in Quetta.In 2016, seven suicide bombings took place targeting para military forces, a shrine and a hospital in which 224 persons were killed and 435 others were injured.
In 2017, three suicide attacks have taken place so far in which 43 persons have been killed and 64 have been injured. Over the last fourteen years, these 39 suicide attacks in Balochistan have killed 787 people and injured 2360. These attacks also show how terrorist activities and resultant casualties have fluctuated in the province.
Violence and killings caused by guns and grenades and other terrorist methods are in addition to suicide attacks.
The upsurge and persistence in the use of suicide bombers in Balochistan not only shows the resilience and resourcefulness of the terrorists but also reveals their designs and desires to strike at the soft belly.
The lethality of attacks has increased which indicates that the terrorists are being imparted professional coaching and training by strategists who are adept in insurgency and terrorism. The interests of the TTP and its sectarian affiliates like Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ), Jamaat-al-Ahrar (JuA) align strongly with hostile foreign agencies like India’s RAW and the Afghanistan’s NDS which has resulted in these entities collaborating.
A look at the choice of targets confirms that TTP and its affiliates find their favourite fodder — Shias and Hazaras — in abundance in Balochistan, while they continue to attack soft targets such as courts, educational institutions and hospitals.
The destabilisation caused by such terrorist attacks serves the purpose of RAW and NDS, backed by some other hostile forces, of derailing CPEC, Gwadar and preventing normalcy in Balochistan and in Pakistan in general.
The National Action Plan, a bulwark against terrorism, seems to be falling apart due to apathy caused by internal political commotion. The terrorists and their handlers must be gloating over the opportunity coming their way due to a weakened NAP.
The government takes pride in its efforts of effectively countering terrorism, and rightly so, but it should take all measures to zealously guard the advantages gained due to its brave initiative.
Despite the ongoing hullabaloo, the Prime Minister should hold meetings of Apex committees or of the National Security Council to keep the NAP on track and to foil the evil designs of terrorists and enemies alike.

ستر سال کا پاکستان اور جشن کس بات کا؟

واصف ناگی

چند روز بعد پاکستان ستر برس کا ہوجائے گا۔ ’’حکومت اس پر70سالہ جشن بڑے زور و شور سے منارہی ہے ،خوب پیسہ لگایا جائے گا، آتش بازی اور رنگا رنگ تقاریب ہوں گی۔جس طالبہ نے اس ستر برس پر ایک لوگو بنایا ہے حکومت نے اسے انعام و اکرام سے بھی نوازا ہے۔ پنجاب کے وزیر تعلیم برائے ا سکولز ایجوکیشن نے اعلان کردیا ہے کہ تمام ا سکولز 15اگست کی بجائے 7 اگست کو کھلیں گے اور اس سلسلے میں نوٹیفکیشن بھی جاری کردیا گیا ہے اور یہ بھی شنیدہے کہ ہر اسکول کا سربراہ اپنے اسکول کی حاضری کو سوفیصد یقینی بنائے گا اور اگر حاضری پوری نہ ہوئی تو کارروائی بھی ہوسکتی ہے۔
اربوں، کروڑوں روپے کا بجٹ رکھا جارہا ہے، مگر کیوں؟یہ سارا کچھ کسی روز سامنے آہی جائے گا۔ بحیثیت قوم اس بےبس عوام نے کیا کمایا؟ مجموعی طور پر قوم کے کردار نے کیا صورت اختیار کی؟ سڑکیں، عمارتیں،پل، انڈر پاسز ،اوورہیڈ برج اور باغ بنانے سے ملک کی ترقی نہیں ہوتی۔ یہ تمام چیزیں ضرورت کے تحت بنائی جاتی ہیں اس میں کسی حکومت کا عوام پر کوئی احسان نہیں کیونکہ ان چیزوں کی حکمرانوں کو بھی ضرورت ہوتی ہے۔آخر ہم کس بات کا جشن آزادی منانا چاہتے ہیں کیا ہمارا ملک ڈنمارک، سویڈن، ناروے، چین، کوریا جرمن اور عرب ممالک جیسا ہوگیا ہے۔ ہم نے ان ممالک کی مثالیں اس لئے دی ہیں کہ ستر برس قبل ان ممالک کے حالات بھی بہت خراب تھے۔ آج ان ممالک کی ترقی دیکھتے ہوئے ایسا لگتا ہے کہ پاکستان ان سے برسوں پیچھے ہے اوردور دور تک ان کا مقابلہ نہیں کرسکتا۔ جن ممالک کے ہم مقروض ہیں وہ ملک اور قومیں کیا ہم پر ہنسیں گی نہیں کہ پاکستان کے امیر ترین حکمران خود کشکول لے کر آجاتے ہیں اور پھر جشن آزادی مناتے ہیں۔ ان کو ذرہ برابر شرم نہیں ا ٓتی کہ آخر ہم کس منہ سے70سالہ جشن آزادی منارہے ہیں؟ اپنا احتساب کرو،بلائو ان لوگوں کو جن کی عمریں اب نوے سال اور اس سے اوپر ہیں سنو ان کے دل کی باتیں ،جنہیں سن کر رونا آجائےگا ۔ آج بھی ا س ملک میں وہ چند لوگ زندہ ہوں گے جنہوں نے اپنے ہوش و حواس میں بھارت سے ہجرت کی،سنو! ان سے ہجرت کے وہ واقعات۔ 
آج جشن آزادی نہیں بلکہ اپنے احتساب کا دن منائو اور سوچو کہ ہم نے اس ملک کو کیا دیا اور ہجرت کرکے آنے والوں کو کیا دیا؟ جنہوں نے اپنی جانیں قربان کرکے یہ آزادی حاصل کی۔ صرف چند پٹواریوں اور کچھ جہاندیدہ لوگوں نے1947سے ہی لوٹنا شروع کردیا تھا۔ آج ان پٹواریوں کے خاندان عزت دار اور بڑے لوگ کہلاتے ہیں۔ یہ بالکل حقیقت ہے کہ ایک طرف لٹے ہوئے قافلے آرہے تھے تو دوسری طرف مختلف شہروں اور دیہات کے پٹواری جعلی کاغذات بناکر(PTO)بنا کر لوٹ مار کرنے میں لگے ہوئے تھے۔ اس وقت ان کی طرف کسی کی توجہ نہ گئی صرف لاہور کو چار پٹواریوں نے مل کر لوٹا ، یہی وہ لوگ ہیں جو اب بھی پشت در پشت چلے آرہے ہیں اور بڑے لوگ بنے بیٹھے ہیں۔
عزیز قارئین! آپ کو یہ سن کر حیرت ہوگی کہ محکمہ ا سکول ایجوکیشن پرائمری کلاس میں داخل ہونے و الے طلبا کو ڈھائی لاکھ بیگ مع کتابوں کے دے رہے ہیں جس پر گیارہ کروڑ 25لاکھ روپے لاگت آرہی ہے۔ ان اسکول بیگ پر وزیر اعلیٰ پنجاب کی تصویر، پڑھو پنجاب، بڑھو پنجاب کا سلوگن لکھا ہوگا اور یہ36اضلاع میں دئیے جائیں گے۔ 
ارے اللہ کے نیک بندو ان گیارہ کروڑ 25لاکھ روپےسے کتنے اسکولوں میں سہولتیں مہیا کی جاسکتی ہیں۔ ذرا سوچو اور اس پر غور کرو۔ یہ بیگ کیوں اور کون بنارہا ہے اور اس میں دلچسپی کیوں ہے یہ بھی کہانی کبھی سامنے آجائے گی۔ چوہدری پرویز الٰہی جب پنجاب کے وزیر اعلیٰ تھے تو انہوں نے اسکولوں کی کتابوں کے بیک ٹائٹل پر اپنی تصویر لگوادی تھی پھر جب ن لیگ کی حکومت آئی تو وہ لاکھوں کتابیں تقسیم کرنے سے روک دی گئیں۔ کیا ہمارے حکمراںکتابوں اور بیگوں پر تصاویر لگوا کر زندہ رہیں گے؟ کیا لیپ ٹاپ تقسیم کرکے زندہ رہیں گے؟ ہرگز نہیں اگر کوئی زندہ رہے گا تو صرف اپنے کاموں اور نیکیوں کے ذریعے۔ برصغیر کے ہزاروں اولیاء کرام کے مزارات آج بھی بارونق ہیں اور رشد و ہدایت کا ذریعہ ہیں۔ انہوں نے کسی کو پیسے نہیں دئیے تھے بلکہ نیکی کا پرچار کیا تھا، انسانیت کی بھلائی، دین کی سرفرازی کے لئے کام کیا تھا۔کس بات کا جشن آزادی منارہے ہیں۔ کیا پاکستان کرپشن سے پاک ہوگیا ہے؟ کیا اسپتالوں میں غریب کو دوائی مفت مل رہی ہے؟ کیا پاکستان ہیپاٹائٹس اور پولیو فری ہوگیا ہے۔پنجاب کے کئی اضلاع پورے پورے ہیپاٹائٹس بی اور سی میں مبتلا ہوچکے ہیں۔ یہ آفیشل اعداد و شمار ہیں۔کیا اس بات کا جشن منارہے ہو کہ پاکستان میں گوڈے گوڈے کرپشن ہے؟ کیا عوام اور پولیس میں فاصلے ختم ہوچکے ہیں؟ کیا تھانہ کلچر تبدیل ہوچکا ہے؟ کیا ڈاکٹرز اپنی ڈیوٹی پوری طرح کرتے ہیں؟ کیا پرائیویٹ اسپتالوں میں لوٹ مار کا بازار ختم ہوچکا ہے؟ کیا جعلی ادویات اور ناقص غذا ملنا بند ہوگئی ہے؟
ارے بلائو ان خاندانوں کو جن کے عزیز و اقارب دوران ہجرت شہید کردئیے گئے سکھوں نے ہزاروں لوگوں کو مار دیا ۔ ہزاروں خواتین سکھ اٹھا کر لے گئے ۔ ارے بلائو ان خاندانوں کو ہاکی ا سٹیڈیم میں اور سنو ان کی داستانیں اور شہداء کے لئے قرآن خوانی کرائو پورے ملک میں۔ کس بات کا جشن، آج نوجوان نسل بگڑ چکی ہے، اساتذہ کا احترام ختم ہوچکا ہے۔ اس بات کا سترسالہ جشن منارہے ہیں؟جس ملک میں ستر برس کے بعد بھی سیٹل منٹ کا آفس کام کررہا ہوکبھی سوچا وہ محکمہ آج بھی کیوں قائم ہے؟ اور وہاں پر آج بھی گھپلے کیوں ہورہے ہیں ؟جس قوم کا کردار یہ ہو کہ ایک لیٹر پٹرول کو لوٹنے کے لئے ٹوٹ پڑے اور پھر دیکھتے ہی دیکھتے لقمہ اجل بن گئے، احمد پور شرقیہ کے اتنے بڑے سانحے کے بعد بھی لوگوں کو عقل نہ آئی اور وہاڑی میں ایک اور ٹرک پر لٹیرے حملہ آور ہوگئے وہ تو پولیس نے ان کی جانیں بچالی لیں۔ آج کون سا محکمہ ہے جہاں پر رشوت کا بازار گرم نہیں۔ آج لوگ اربوں روپے کی کرپشن کرتے ہیں جب جیل جاتے ہیں تو گردوں اور دل کے عارضے کے جعلی سرٹیفکیٹ پیش کرکے بچ جاتے ہیں۔ جب لوٹ مار کررہے ہوتے ہیں تو تب کیا دل ،گردوں اور شوگر کے مریض نہیں ہوتے؟ تب تو بڑے تھری پیس سوٹ اور ٹائی پہن کر انگریزی میں بھاشن دے رہے ہوتے ہیں۔
ذرا سوچو! ان ستر برسوں میں کتنے لوگ اپنے دیس میں آکر اجڑ گئے ، کتنے خاندان دہشت گردی کی نذر ہوگئے اور کتنے خاندان آج معذوری کی زندگی بسر کررہے ہیں۔ کسی نے مولانا حسرت موہانی سے پوچھا کہ آپ بھارت میں خوش نہیں حالانکہ آپ نے آزادی کی خاطر جیل کاٹی۔ پاکستان کیوں نہیں چلے جاتے۔اس پر مولانا حسرت موہانی نے کہا کہ بھارت میں مجھے کوئی ہندو، مسلمان کہہ کر ماردے گا جبکہ پاکستان میں مجھے کافر کہہ کر مار دے گا۔ اس سے بہتر ہے کہ میں مسلمان کہلوا کر ہی مارا جائوں۔ سوچیں حسرت موہانی نے یہ بات کتنے برس قبل کہہ ڈالی اور آج ہم کسی پر بھی کوئی مذہبی الزام لگا کر جب چاہیں مار سکتے ہیں۔ دکھ اور افسوس کی بات یہ ہے کہ جس ملک کو ہم نے اس لئے حاصل کیا تھا کہ وہاں ان کی عزتیں محفوظ ہوں گی، اسی ملک میں آج عورتوں کی عزتیں غیر محفوظ ہیں، بوڑھے لوگ دھکے کھارہے ہیں، پنشن نہیں ملتی، رشوت کا بازار گرم ہے، پھر بھی ہم ستر سال کا جشن منارہے ہیں۔ ستر سال میں انسان میں بردباری اور سنجیدگی آجاتی ہے مگر ہم ستر سال کے بعد بھی سات سال کے بچے ہیں؎
کبھی سوچا ہے کہ لوگ تمہیں اچھا کیوں نہیں کہتے
اس ملک نے صرف ان کو بہت کچھ دیا جو سیاست میں ہیں، بیوروکریسی میں اور مقتدر اداروں میں ہیں،دو مرلہ کے مکانوں میں رہنے والے آج کئی کئی ہائوسنگ اسکیموں کے مالک ہیں۔ اس وقت بیوروکریسی، پولیس اور بعض سیاستداں صرف اور صرف زمینوں کے کاروبار میں مبتلا ہیں اس پر پھر بات کریں گے۔

Monday, July 24, 2017

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Time to take a chill pill on China-Russia manoeuvre

By Tian Dongdong

By depicting a flotilla of three Chinese navy ships as a Spanish Armada, a number of Western media outlets and intelligence agencies have left no stone unturned in selling wolf tickets to their audiences. Once again they are hyping their "China Threat" cliche across Europe.
The Chinese flotilla, on its way last week to a joint exercise with the Russian navy, was shadowed by warships from a number of NATO countries. It was subsequently reported by media in the west, which self-righteously portrayed it as evidence pointing to "the rise of military" China.
However, promoting such selling points in this "wolf ticket" fashion does not enhance their moral high-ground, as they forget, if not deliberately, four basic things.
For one thing, freedom to navigate is a right claimed but often misused by Western powers. If Western navy ships sail into the South China Sea, as they do, and conduct disguised "freedom of navigation", like what the United States has done for numerous times there, why should Chinese ships, who act perfectly in accordance with international norms, be strangers to European waters?
Also, the ongoing maneuver is neither saber-rattling, nor aggressive, as it targets no third party. Easily dwarfed by the quantity and quality of the much larger NATO fleet in the area, the small group of Chinese ships is much more a benign visitor than a menacing intruder.
Thirdly, since China is increasingly an active contributor to international peace-keeping in various ways, holding maritime drills with partners is a requisite for future operations.
"Exercises are important tools through which the Alliance tests and validates its concepts, procedures, systems and tactics. More broadly, they enable military and civilian organizations deployed in theaters of operation to test capabilities and practice working together efficiently in a demanding crisis situation."
Those words come from the NATO website, stating very clearly the alliance's view that holding an exercise is an inborn and indispensable right. They surely deliver a thick ear to those trying to offer China the short end of the stick on the issue.
Last but not least, western media outlets apply a double-standard in reporting China's joint military maneuvers with other countries. While China's exercises with western countries, such as the U.S.-led Rim of the Pacific Exercise, are welcomed, the Sino-Russian drills are viewed disapprovingly.
Behind the recent misguided reports lies a Cold War mentality still haunting the West. As the Baltic Sea has many times been a watery battlefield for Western powers, the location of the China-Russia exercise serves as a perfect reminder to the West -- misreading the strategies of others can be both dangerous and costly. It is surely time for hotheads in the West to simmer down and take a chill pill on the China-Russia maneuvers, to recognize them for what they are -- a routine exercise similar to the many carried out by navies from across the world.

Pakistan - Imran fails to submit complete money trail

PTI chief tells Supreme Court English counties he had been playing for since 1971 do not maintain records older than 20 years.
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan on Saturday informed the Supreme Court that he does not have any record of the schedule of payments with English counties he had played for.
In a reply submitted to the apex court, PTI chief said that English counties he had played for did not maintain records older than 20 years so he could not furnish those salary details. However, by 1980 he was the highest paid overseas player in the UK, read the statement.
"Respondent No 1 (Imran Khan) does not have any record of the exact schedule of employment for himself, however, as an example Mushtaq Ahmed's contract is attached, it indicates what another lesser known cricketer was paid (later) along with all the perks," the reply submitted by Advocate Naeem stated. Imran Khan was responding to the Supreme Court's queries over a petition seeking his disqualification over alleged non-disclosure of assets, ownership of offshore companies and receipt of foreign funds for the party.
The PTI chief, who was the main petitioner against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif seeking his disqualification on the basis of assets beyond his source of income, has been stating that whatever he earned was from the county cricket abroad.
A three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar is hearing the petition of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) leader Hanif Abbasi, wherein he requested the top court to disqualify Imran Khan from being the member of National Assembly.
The PTI chief informed the apex court that he had started earning money abroad when he started playing cricked during his days as a student at University of Oxford, England. Then he was selected as a cricket player for Pakistan and Worcestershire in 1971, while he also played for Sussex County from 1977 to 1988. He claimed that all the payments made to him were income tax deducted at source. Imran stated that he also played for the Kerry Packer series, a cricket competition between 1977 and 1979, for $25,000 per year. Besides his earning, there were also the airfare, boarding, lodging costs and prize money.
Khan submitted that he played in Australia for New South Wales between 1984 and 1985, earning Australian Dollar 50,000.
In 1984, he mortgaged a one-bedroom apartment in London through Royal Trust in the name of Niazi Services Limited. The apartment was purchased for £117,500 on mortgage on 20 years and initial down payment of £61,000 to Royal Trust. He made the payment from his savings and earnings he received while playing for Sussex Country Cricket and the Kerry Packer series.
"These redemption amounts (GB Pounds 55,000) were mostly from the earnings from his (Khan) benefit year with Sussex while interest payments were made from the Australian Dollar 50,000 (equal to 25, 000 GB Pounds) received while playing for New South Wales in Australia in winter in the year 1984 - 1985 and from his salary income during the 68 months of the mortgage," the reply explained.
Khan said he managed to pay off the mortgage well before its due date as he had a benefit year in 1987 when he earned £190,000 and his savings. The PTI chief informed the court that he had to spend his days outside Pakistan to fulfil his commitment to Sussex Country Cricket and to participate in other international cricketing events between 1977 and 1988. Khan said as he was a 'non-resident', Pakistan's income tax laws did not apply to him.
The reply maintained that there could be no money laundering involved at any time, adding that Khan had been self-sufficient with all his financial obligations outside of Pakistan throughout his overseas career.

Another ‘missing’ aide of Zardari returns

A close aide of former president Asif Ali Zardari, who had been whisked away by unidentified people in Islamabad, returned home on Monday.

Nawab Leghari, a former adviser to the Sindh government, was abducted by unidentified men on April 4.
Until recently he was residing in Hyderabad’s defence area and only in recent past had shifted to Islamabad.
In May, Ashfaq Leghari and Ghulam Qadir Mari, two associates of the former president were recovered from Balochistan.
Mari, a landlord from Tando Allahyar, went missing when he was travelling from Sehwan to Hyderabad along with his guard and a driver. While Leghari, the former chief of the Sindh People’s Students Federation, went missing from Gadap Town Karachi.


Former President Asif Ali Zardari and PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari Condemn the bomb blast in Lahore

Former President of Pakistan and President Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians Asif Ali Zardari has strongly condemning bomb blast in Lahore has demanded to eliminate terror nurseries as well as the planners of this heinous crime.
In a statement former President said that the perpetrators of this blast are beasts and can never be pardoned.
Former President sympathized with the victims’ families and prayed to Almighty Allah to grant eternal peace to the departed souls and early recovery of the injured.
Chairman Pakistan Peoples Party Bilawal Bhutto Zardari directed party workers to donate blood for the injured. He said that ideology of terror has to be defeated. He also sympathized with the victims’ families and prayed for early recovery of injured.


Pakistan - Railways Workers’ Strike

Once considered as one of the most efficient public sector business venture, Pakistan Railways (PR) is in tatters today. Despite the lofty claims Railways Minister has made, the recent call for strike shows the dark side of the picture. The workers of the organisation have gone on strike until their demands are met.
It is important to note that workers of PR have some genuine demands that the government should accept. The demands are long overdue. The demands include personnel up-gradation, increase in salaries, rise in pensions and medical allowances of retired staffs. In a meeting held a month ago, the Minister promised the workers that their demands would be met. However, he has failed in fulfilling his promise so far. The ministry claims that it has achieved its target of 36 billion rupees. Assuming that the institution is on the right track, not awarding workers the gains of the success is unfair.
A majority of the department’s workforce finds it hard to meet the ends in the salaries they are getting presently. It is true that they are not well paid. The strike of the workers indicates that top management has no idea of the sufferings of the lower staff. It is also an indication of the fact that the bureaucracy has no comprehensive plan to deal with issues that Pakistan Railways is facing. While the government is spending money to refurbish the face of the Pakistan Railways, it’s sad to know that its workers do not enjoy any kind of relief.
Commenting on one of the demands, the PR spokesperson argued that the department would not restore drivers involved in accidents and loss of human lives. However, it seems that the drivers are made scapegoats to cover up institutional failures. If drivers are really responsible for accidents and loss of human lives, just sacking them is no punishment for such acts of negligence.
Along with little attention from the state, poor policies, mismanagement of expenses and funds, nepotism and political interference in the affairs of the department have ruined the organisation. The concerned authorities should address the structural and administrative failures of the department. If management fails to address the issues that PR is facing, a time will come when the public will be deprived of the cheapest mode of transportation. It is about time to meet the demands of the railway workers. The workers should enjoy the fruit of the targets that Pakistan Railways have achieved recently.

Bilawal Bhutto eagerly waiting for Panama case final verdict

Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto said he is eagerly waiting for the final verdict of Panama case, adding that the corruption committed by Sharif family was already proved in Joint Investigation Team (JIT) report.
“We hope for justice from Supreme Court,” he said while media talk at the inauguration of underpass on Drug Road of Shahra-e-Faisal. Bilawal also chanted slogans of ‘Go Nawaz Go’ along with other PPP leaders and workers.
PPP Chairman maintained that the corruption of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was proved in JIT report. He appeared confident for disqualification of the premier.
While addressing to the gathering, Sindh Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah claimed the underpass was built in Rs. 660 million, highlighting the upcoming inaugurations of several other development projects.


Sunday, July 23, 2017

Video -- Afghan Dance Music -

Video Report - Afghanistan Pashto News.23.7.2017 د افغانستان پښتو خبرونه

Marines facing 'discouraging' challenges in Afghanistan

By Nick Paton Walsh

The plume of smoke and dust rose over the runway, high above the now-deserted but once costly and vital control towers.
Then a second rocket slammed into the tarmac just feet away from where a C130 cargo plane would imminently land to ferry us out.
The Marines with us at first appeared unfazed. Some were perhaps young and new to it all, while the older ones stood tall, not flinching. I crouched behind a wheel until those tires were used to race us back toward a shelter.
    Seven years ago, it would have been mere minutes before that Taliban rocket team was bombed in retaliation by US forces protecting a thousands-strong base. But in 2017, the US Marines here -- all 300 of them -- seem oddly vulnerable.
    They don't leave the wire much, mostly just to train and advise, leaving the fighting to the Afghans. Yet all the same, three separate rocket attacks hit their bases in three days -- two near us -- one injuring 10 Afghan soldiers, and another an 8-year-old boy.
    This is the painful reality of Afghanistan 2017. The country is in one of the most violent periods of its recent history, and its challenges are deepening. But the sense of exhaustion, of solutions long having lost their sparkle, pervades. And as President Trump weighs his first move in America's longest war, its 15 years make it absolutely nothing new to many of the Marines currently at its sharp end.
    Here's how one hardened, normally optimistic Marine commander, Col. Matthew Reid, talked about lost friends.
    "I don't think I've ever bothered to count. Too many, between here and Iraq," he said. "A lot of blood in the ground."
    Born on September 11, Reid is back in Afghanistan's Helmand Province for the second time. He quips that the 300 Marines he works with now are the number that "ran the chow hall" when he was last there in 2010.
    I asked: How does it feel to have to go at it all over again?
    "Discouraging," he said. "There is a definite feeling of a sense of obligation to get this right because of those who have gone before us."

    The US's options

    How do you get it right? From the limited perspective of our three-day tour -- mostly inside bases -- it seems the Marines have made a difference here. Most importantly, they are now camped just outside the regional capital of Lashkar Gah, which a year ago was on the brink of falling to the Taliban, whose flag you could see just across its central river.
    The Helmand district of Nawa was retaken last week by Afghan National Security Forces, yet at about the same time nearby Gereshk district was attacked by the Taliban, with multiple checkpoints hit, and at one point six overrun. Things are better, but not good. Helmand will probably never be good any time soon, but the Marines' presence and massive aerial firepower have arguably stopped the entire opium-rich region from being swallowed by the Taliban.
    But the Marines are only one part of the picture in a country where, according to the US government's own auditors, the Taliban influence or control about half the land. ISIS too, intermittently rises, and then, after coalition airstrikes, falls -- competing to be the most extreme actor in a crowded marketplace.
    The government in Kabul is weak, ridden by conflict and rivalry between senior players.
    And the West's ideas for stabilizing the country are running out.
    A Chinook helicopter drops off US Marines -- and a CNN team -- at Shorsharak in Helmand Province, Afghanistan. The role of the US Marines now is to assist and advise Afghan security forces.
    So what are President Trump's options?
    • More troops? They tried that with the Obama surge to 100,000 troops, which achieved no real, dramatic drop in violence, or enduring government control.
    • Talk to the Taliban? Tried that too. The Obama surge was meant to force them to come to the table. But Obama set a deadline for the surge's withdrawal, so the Taliban waited them out. Now their new leader is radical enough his son was hailed as a suicide bomber in Gereshk last week, so they look unlikely to jump on diplomacy.
    • Pressure the Pakistanis to pressure the Taliban? They're trying that, but in the end, Pakistan sees a longer game here and has its long-term proxies in the region. Either way, this isn't entirely Islamabad's fault.
    • Leave? America tried that, and now it's back, trying to stop the bleeding, remembering 9/11, the lives lost fighting so Afghans could live better, and what happens when you let a country that's a magnet for extremists collapse entirely.
    • Try more of the same? That's probably the most likely approach that Secretary of Defense James Mattis will put before the Trump White House. More special forces to hunt al-Qaeda and ISIS. Trainers to try and maybe improve the Afghan security forces (the men we were assured -- as the Americans tried to leave five years ago -- were 100% ready to fight the Taliban but who are now subject to record casualties). Perhaps looser American rules of engagement, which will make killing Taliban easier, but killing innocent civilians easier too, which never helps win over the population. Perhaps more contractors, who already massively outnumber the Marines we saw on the base in Helmand, to spread the training burden and reduce the military's exposure.

    When does it end?

    But really it is the mood in the capital which tells you things are still slipping, yet again. Long-term Afghan friends discussing for the first time how they might leave. A top executive saying his employees are leaving their large, high-profile Afghan company to protect themselves from possible attack at their central offices.
    This is not a time for optimism. There is no sign the Taliban are weakened, even though one Afghan official told me hundreds of mid-level leaders have been taken out in raids over the past year.
    Their leadership is more radical than ever, and they are likely to see handsome funds from a productive opium harvest, possibly boosted by a new poppy seed that blooms more quickly, massively increasing production. Afghanistan's bleed is slow, and perhaps hidden or ignored by much of the world, but happening all the same.
    Take this final anecdote from our visit to Helmand, when the Marines took us to a remote outpost where they were advising the Afghan army. We were there to see them pull out, removing themselves from a flat stretch of what Colonel Matthew Grosz called "Taliban country" -- a main thoroughfare between insurgent strongholds. But their advisory mission seemed to have run into one issue: There weren't many Afghans to advise.
    A US Marine stands at the back of a Chinook helicopter en route to Shorsharak.
    On paper there were 500 Afghan troops, and 45 US marines. But as Grosz told me: "There's 200 assigned right now." By "assigned," he meant that there were 200 who had existed, physically at the base. But even that was optimistic, as another hundred had never shown up while the Marines were there. In fact, of the hundred they had seen, some were on operations or on patrol. So really there were fifty to a hundred Afghan soldiers at the base, almost enabling one-to-one Marine mentoring sessions.
    As we sat in the Helmand runway bomb shelter, waiting for the "all clear" after the rocket attack, I overheard two young Marines chatter about 9/11 as though it was a moment of historical import rather than something they had seen live on TV. That's because for them, it is something their parents mourned when they were probably five or six.
    Fifteen years of war sounds exhausting until you remember that for Afghans, it is about 38 years of war -- since the Soviets invaded in 1979.
    So, you may ask yourself: When does it end?
    Forget emotion, or nationalism, or solutions. Just consider the war, and everyone caught up in it, through the prism of one number: 1,600.
    • That's about the number of US bombs dropped in the first half of this year (1,634 to June 30, over three times the same period last year).
    • It's also about the number of Afghan civilians killed in the same period (1,662, most because of insurgents).
    • It's also the number of Afghan soldiers and police who likely died in the first 109 days of this year, based on the death rate in January and February (a SIGAR report has 807 deaths through February 24, but complete figures are unavailable).
    It's become a war whose end will be defined by fatigue, acceptance of lesser evils and which of these above numbers is the hardest to tolerate.

    Pakistani tribal elders support fencing along Durand Line

    The tribal elders of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan declared their support to fencing work along the Durand Line.
    The elders endorsed the work by the Pakistan military during a gathering (Jirga) in Khyber Agency on Sunday.
    According to the local media reports, elders from all the regions of FATA attended the Jirga to discuss the ongoing situation, including fencing work and the deteriorating relations between Kabul and Islamabad.
    The elders of FATA also accused India of using its consulates in Afghanistan to fuel insurgency and claimed that the Afghan soil is being used against Pakistan, a claim which repeatedly been rejected by the Afghan government.
    They also accused President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani of implementing the New Delhi policies and insisted that the fencing work along the line will prevent the movement of militants between the two countries.
    The latest endorsement of fencing work along Durand Line comes as the Afghan officials have repeatedly opposed with the unilateral work along the line.
    The Afghan officials also insist that the sanctuaries of the terrorist groups, specifically the notorious Haqqani network having freedom of movement in Pakistan, should be eliminated in a bid to help secure peace and stability in the region.


    US friendly fire kills at least 12 Afghan policemen in Helmand

    By Sune Engel Rasmussen
    Sources say US gunship bombed checkpoint just 30 minutes after police unit retook it from Taliban. A US gunship has killed at least 12 Afghan policemen in a friendly fire airstrike in Helmand, according to local officials.
    The incident is a setback for the US-Afghan fight against the Taliban in the embattled province, and comes as the US administration and its Nato allies are preparing the deployment of several thousand additional troops to Afghanistan. Since 2001, Helmand has consistently been the deadliest province for both foreign and Afghan forces. Since the international drawdown in 2014, the Taliban has seized territory across the province, leaving the provincial capital, Lashkar Gah, and the economic hub, Gereshk, as some of the only areas still in government hands.
    The attack occurred on Friday afternoon, when, according to local police sources, an Afghan police unit retook a checkpoint captured by the Taliban on Thursday. Due to apparent miscommunication, a US gunship bombed the police unit 30 minutes later, according to police sources. The spokesman to the provincial governor, Omar Zawak, said the number of killed and injured was not yet clear. Helmand’s police chief said 12 members of the Afghan National Security Forces died in the strike.
    The incident followed a week of intensified US airstrikes in Helmand. The US air campaign in Afghanistan has reached a level not seen since 2012, when there were almost 10 times as many US troops in the country.
    According to Bill Salvin, spokesman for the coalition forces in Afghanistan, the US has conducted more than 50 airstrikes in the province over the past five days.
    In June, the US surpassed the total number of aerial attacks in Afghanistan last year, with 1,634 airstrikes conducted primarily in the south – in and around Helmand – and against Islamic State groups in the east. Following Friday’s incident, the coalition forces said in a statement: “We can confirm local security personnel aligned with Afghan government forces were killed in an airstrike in Gereshk district in Helmand province late this afternoon.”
    “During a US supported [Afghan defence forces] operation, aerial fires resulted in the deaths of the friendly Afghan forces who were gathered in a compound… An investigation will be conducted to determine the specific circumstances that led to this incident.”
    The deaths in Helmand added to a particularly bloody day for the Afghan police.
    In the northeastern Badakhshan province, the Taliban killed at least 32 members of the local police and government-aligned uprising groups in a push to capture Tagaq district. Some of the people killed were murdered after the Taliban surrounded a house they were staying in, while the rest were shot in an ambush, said Abdullah Naji Nazari, the head of the provincial council.

    Pakistan - Salman Taseer’s granddaughter raises funds to support family of imprisoned Aasia Bibi

    The granddaughter of slain Punjab Governor Salman Taseer is collecting funds for the family of the jailed Aasia Bibi, the woman accused of blasphemy Salman Taseer defended and was murdered over by his own security guard, the infamous Mumtaz Qadri.
    Meera Shoaib, the daughter of the former Governor’s daughter Sara Taseer, is operating a crowd funding page for the family of Aasia Bibi on the website generosity. The website works on a platform in which people can set up pages for any private or public cause which needs financing. The page is then shared and spread through the relevant communities which chip in to the cause and help the person or thing in need. As of now, the page for Aasia Bibi has managed to collect $3147 in 3 months from the donations of 34 people. But the Taseer family has only now publicised the effort after their first success in the venture: buying a rickshaw for Aasia’s family so they may be able to sustain themselves.

    The rickshaw, according to the official page of the campaign, is only the first step towards helping Aasia and her family who is still jailed in Multan. The campaign argues that Aasia’s family has been finding it impossible to get employed because of the taboo surrounding them and the donations will go a long way in making them sustain themselves.
    Meera Shoaib describes the effort as aiming to raise money for the sustenance, legal fees, and jail visitation for the (Aasia) family.” She describes her inspiration to take up the project in the words “For many years, I’ve struggled to find the best way to contribute to the cause my grandfather gave his life for.” Meera goes on to urge people to help the family saying “In Pakistan, even $20 can feed a family for four days. Your contribution, however small, can mean the world to them.”
    The generosity page describes the story of Aasia Bibi and the injustice she faced at the hands of the courts and the blasphemy law. It also talks about the struggle of Salman Taseer and what he did to try and help Aasia when she was in the depths of her trouble, and the price she had to pay for it. Meera Shoaib aptly closes the page story with the words “This campaign is to keep alive the legacy my grandfather left. This campaign is for you, Abba.”
    Meanwhile, Meera Shoaib’s mother Sara Taseer was also active in promoting her daughters initiative and encouraged people to go out and fund the campaign to help Aasia Bibi’s family. Sharing a picture of the family standing in front of the rickshaw, Sara Taseer tweeted ” With pride and joy I bring you this image of Asia Bibi’s family. With corwd funding, has bought them this rickshaw so family can sustain.”

    — Sara Taseer (@sarataseer) July 19, 2017

    Pakistan - The dismal state of education

    By Salman Ali

    Feudal lords don’t want the children of the poor to get quality education in public schools. Hence they make no effort to improve the condition of these schools. 

     The Convention on the Rights of the Child and many of the global education goals, including the Millennium Development Goals, aim at ensuring the right to quality education, which, unfortunately millions of children and women around the world are deprived of. Globally, some 67 million children remain out of school. According to the EFA Development Index, Pakistan ranks 106 out of 113 countries. Similarly, despite Pakistan’s annual economic growth being 4.1 per cent, growth in expenditure on education is less than 2.5 per cent.
    It is also mandated in the constitution of Pakistan to provide free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 5-16 years and enhance adult literacy. But an annual report released by Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) provides a glimpse into the performance of the education sector in the country, during the year 2016. According to the report, the year 2016 witnessed tiny improvements in a few areas of the sector, but continued to see a decline in many. The official figures showed that the number of out-of-school children decreased from 25 million to 24 million, but the adult literacy rate went down from 58% to 56.4%. There was only moderate improvement in the learning outcome score - from 2015’s 52.33% to 54.78% in 2016.
    The most disturbing news of the educational year was that the federal and two provincial governments - Punjab and Balochistan - cut their budgetary allocations for the sector, despite showy claims of putting education first. On the other side, the United Nations Global Education Monitoring Report 2016, released in September last year claimed that Pakistan was 50-plus years behind in its primary and 60-plus years behind in its secondary education targets. That means the country is set to miss by more than half-a-century the deadline for ensuring that all children receive primary education. The report said that Pakistan had the most absolute number of children out of school anywhere in the world, including 5.6 million out of primary schools, around 5.5 million out of secondary schools (48% of lower secondary school age children), and a staggering 10.4 million adolescents out of upper secondary school. According to the HRCP report, in 2016 there was no record of 15,000 teachers, and there were over 900 ghost schools in Balochistn with almost 300,000 fake registrations of students.
    A study titled ‘Pakistan’s Education Crisis: The Real Story’ noted that the United States, Britain and the World Bank poured money into Pakistan’s stagnating public education sector, but the number of children out of school is still second only to Nigeria. The data collected by the Wilson Centre, however, noted improvement in teacher absenteeism, which dropped from 20% to 6% in Punjab during the past five years.
    Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) led provincial government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) has always claimed prioritising education and health. However, the HRCP report revealed that most of 28,000 schools in the province lacked basic facilities. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Independent Monitoring Unit said in its May 2016 report that 26% of the government schools did not have potable water facility, and 10% had no boundary walls, despite the province facing a sensitive law and order situation. Also, 11% schools have no toilets and 34% have no electricity connections.
    The most disturbing news of the educational year was that the federal and two provincial governments — Punjab and Balochistan — cut their budgetary allocations for this, despite showy claims of putting education first Different districts’ performance across the country was reported very poor. In Balochistan, according to a report, released by the Academy of Educational Planning and Management (AEPAM), a federal government institution, more than 1.8 million children are out of school. The official data show that there are 13,279 government schools in Balochistan. Of these, 84% are primary schools with only 16% schools offering middle and higher education to students. Almost 54% of the total primary schools operate with only one teacher. Almost 26% government schools in Balochistan function with only one classroom. And across Balochistan, the condition of 83% of government primary schools buildings is "unsatisfactory". Moreover, the HRCP report notes with concern that the federal as well as provincial governments’ priorities seemed misplaced in the field of education.
    Education at primary level particularity in public schools is somewhat satisfactory in cities but in rural or remote areas of the four provinces, the state of education is pathetic. This is because the tribal lords are still powerful and hold influence in the area where they have electoral power. They don’t want the children of the poor to get quality education in the public schools, which is why they make no effort to improve the condition of these schools.
    NGOs have been working to get rural areas’ children registered in public or private schools but to no avail. For this to happen, well-groomed teams should be formed to give lectures to the parents so they can be convinced on the importance of education for their children. But first we need to get rid of the feudal lords otherwise the situation will remain the same.

    Who rules Pakistan?

    By Afrasiab Khattak
    The gloves are coming off as the creeping coup is entering its final stage and is going for the kill. We have been told that the JIT is an extension of the Supreme Court. We already know that it’s also an extension of the premier intelligence agencies of the country that are part and parcel of the security establishment. These power connections explain the inquisition type authority of JIT, which it has used with a vengeance. But it is becoming obvious that the attack is not confined to the “corrupt” Prime Minister and his family. Its target is the entire system that has evolved over a decade or so.
    Of particular concern for the forces of dictatorship is the 18th Constitutional Amendment that was aimed at cleansing the Constitution of distortions and deformations imposed on it by martial law regimes of General Zia and General Pervez Musharraf. The aforementioned forces have never reconciled with the federal democratic and parliamentary system enshrined in the 1973 Constitution. They have never hidden their love for a centralised and authoritarian presidential system. They abhor devolution of power to provinces as it is an obstacle in the way of establishing a dictatorial grip over the country. It is in this context that the recent remarks of Imran Khan (IK), as a main spokesperson of the creeping coup, should be understood. Reading out from the script IK is saying that elections under the present Election Commission will not be acceptable to his party. His party has pulled out of the Parliamentary Committee on Electoral reforms which has already completed its work. Interestingly all the other opposition political parties are standing by these recommendations. But IK is hell bent upon creating the type of crises that would justify tempering with the system by the establishment.
    It goes without saying that the PML-N government has also made a substantial contribution in creating the space for the interference of undemocratic forces by pushing the parliament to irrelevance during the last four years. That’s why Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif isn’t able to go to Parliament and use the forum to challenge the forces that are ambushing the Constitutional system. The ruling party has so far failed to take its own rank and file into confidence, what to talk of taking opposition political parties on board. PM’s record in rallying forces of democracy is dismal to say the least. In 2014 when all political parties including the opposition parties united to defend the Constitution and democratic system the establishment changed its strategy. Starting from the MQM it tackled opposition political parties one by one and made sure that there is no one in the field for putting up a straight fight. The Panama Papers provided a golden opportunity to stage the drama of “crusade against corruption”. Judiciary, as we are informed by Mr. Javed Hashmi, the former Chairman of PTI, was already in the loop. Interestingly the Apex Court did not summon Mr. Javed Hashmi to look into the serious allegations that he has publicly leveled more than once.
    The most remarkable thing during this political high drama has been the hijacking of political discourse. As we all know Pakistan is faced with serious challenges. When confronted with the question, every political leader and media network agree that terrorism poses an existential threat to Pakistan. Failure in implementing NAP is history by now. Pakistan is also regarded by many in the world as a source of spreading terrorism and there are significant moves in the US Congress for declaring it a state sponsoring terrorism. Pakistan’s relations with three out of its four neighbouring countries are in extremely bad shape. Non-inclusion of backward areas of the country in CPEC is creating heartburn and alienation in areas destroyed by terrorism. Bloodshed is continuing in Balochistan and backing out of the government from implementing FATA reforms is creating serious doubts in the minds of Pashtuns about their status in Pakistan. But all these serious issues have been totally sidelined and political discourse is monopolised by a single issue, the Panama Papers. This is the most vicious aspect of political engineering used by the establishment and exposes the real faces of the self-proclaimed super patriots.
    Be that as it may, the real question in the present crises is who will rule Pakistan? The elected Parliament or the security establishment? Pakistan will have to go through a struggle to decide this question and who is better suited to raise this question than the authentic leader of the Punjabi bourgeoisie!

    Pakistan: Monsoon Politics – Analysis

    By Osama Rizvi
    The winds blowing from the Indian Ocean towards sub-continent brings along the southwest monsoon season in Pakistan. Now-a-days, dark clouds gather all of a sudden on the horizon, giving an impression that a storm is coming. But hitherto there only have been pleasant showers. However, on the political horizon things are different.
    The clouds are darker and bear a grim impression. The storm is underway with no signs of abating. The winds are strong. Masqueraders have been exposed as the masks were thrown away by gales of evidences. The politicians taken aback, bedazzled by the thunder of accusations. The masses surprisingly still divided and confused. This might be self-created confusion; a sort of indirect denial. But all that is happening has a tinge of optimism, a promising note for the future.
    For the optimists a new Pakistan is in the making.
    April 2016, the world witnessed the level of adroitness (read: cunningness) of the global politicians, call it financial management! One by one many incumbent/former premiers and government officials were exposed of having off-shore companies and monetary counterfeiting. Few resigned, many apologized but some, obstinately in clear denial, refused to accept the claims, decrying them as propaganda (propaganda all the way from Panama, only for our government?). What followed was unexpected. Because after the first decision was aired we then realized that nothing new was going to happen. However, something has. The Joint Investigation Team, formed by the Supreme Court of Pakistan, which was to form an investigation report after 60 days, did a commendable job.
    The interpretations, the inferences of the report’s finding range from “they’ll get out of it” to a clear “game over”, of-course the political affiliations are responsible for fogging the minds of those analyzing it. We can observe three tiers here, who are involved directly or indirectly in the ongoing political soap-opera. The government and that they are unwilling to admit any allegation is all but natural but not at all necessary. The lawyer’s fraternity has a huge arsenal of constitutional weapons and an infantry of laws that they hurl at each other but both sides more or less maintain their ground. The third level is of the common man is not for the weak hearted as it has all kinds of negligent and emotional soldiers. What makes them more dangerous is their lack of knowledge and bent toward one party. They won’t listen to you, not even the most logical of arguments. May be it is not the logic that they want. They are concerned not with what is true or what is false; right or wrong. The vox populi is a tricky thing, indeed.
    The economic picture is not so promising as well. Pakistan Stock Market (PSX), that gave a staggering 46percent return last year, has shed 10,000 points, plummeting from dizzying heights of 53,000 points. Not to mention billion of rupees drained out in terms of losses. After 1st June, 2017, as our market segued from Frontier markets to Emerging Market, hundreds of thousands of foreign investment was envisaged. Unfortunately that event superimposed with this political turmoil and hence during the first half this year foreigners sold stocks of $333 million compared to $41 million during last year. Exports are down, reserves as well. The circular debt is inflated to a dangerous level. Take them as cost to purge the country.
    But, the big question: whether the government is staying or going is still subject to discussion. Maryam Hayat, a friend from the afore-said lawyer’s fraternity, a Barrister here in Pakistan, has a very positive view of the overall proceedings, she says that without taking into account the “winner-loser” approach we should be happy that we are witnessing a precedent here: “The report of the JIT consists of factual content only and is not reflective of the final verdict in the Panama Case papers. It will now be on the Supreme Court to determine the merits of the report. I am sure that the court will decide the case on merits with neutrality and objectivity and continue to exercise its powers under Article 190 of the Constitution. Nonetheless, the eventual precedent will leave a positive impact on the country. This landmark case has set a precedent that even a sitting Prime Minster in a country like Pakistan can be held accountable for alleged charges of corruption. It has set a brand new trend of accountability and transparency for all government functionaries. Let us hope that we will enter into a new era of accountability and curb the menace of corruption, once and for all.”
    So, yes, let’s hope that in future, when the thought of corruption tempts the leader, the tantalizing unfair means of making fortunes lure them; they are, then, able to recall that the country has now changed. That the institutions now work and that they are and will be held accountable. There something bigger than win-lose here. It’s about a change in the mindsets. The origin from where everything else flows.
    Again, advice for those who relish a sanguine mind: Consider these proceedings one of the stepping stones on which a New Pakistan will be raised.