If you think the concept of ‘blasphemy’ is limited to showing contempt for religious practices, ideas, personalities or deities you are wrong – although most of the cases reported in newspapers concern that. Blasphemy covers a wide variety of topics and areas, beyond matters of faith, and includes politics and social values, historical events and powerful organisations.
Let me elaborate. In Pakistan, it is almost blasphemous to voice an opinion different from the point of view of Allama Muhammad Iqbal. Try to do that some day; tell a group that Iqbal’s ideas lacked originality. Let this be a test case. Or that Iqbal borrowed too much, to the point of plagiarism, from the German philosophers of the19th century; or that his ideas lagged way behind his contemporaries in the West where he was educated; or that since Pakistan faced a shortage of genuine leaders, the people of the new republic were compelled to canonise Iqbal as a saint, irrespective of whether or not he met the standards. Even before you have uttered half of it, your friends and family members would disown you either out of respect for the philosopher or for fear of other people’s response.
It is blasphemous to criticise any portion of Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s biography, be it the personal, social, professional or political aspect of his life