Wednesday, June 12, 2013

Video Report: ''Women Exiled Each Month in Nepal''

In a remote part of the Himalayan country, women who are menstruating are temporarily banished from home on the belief that they are impure and bring bad luck.

Biden, Bloomberg try again on guns 6 months after Newtown

Yahoo! News
Vice President Joe Biden is renewing his push for gun-control legislation with an event slated for Tuesday, marking the first time the White House has held an event on guns since its legislative push for background checks failed in the Senate in April. A Biden aide declined to give any details about the event, which was first reported by Politico. "The commitment of this president and the vice president to taking action to reduce gun violence is as strong today as it was at the beginning of the year and in the wake of Newtown," White House press secretary Jay Carney told reporters on Wednesday. The failed bipartisan bill—crafted by Sens. Joe Manchin, D-W.Va., and Pat Toomey, R-Pa.—would have extended background checks to all commercial gun purchases, preventing people with criminal records from buying guns online. President Barack Obama called its failure "shameful" and vowed to continue the fight for the legislation; though, since then the White House has remained largely silent on the issue. It's unlikely that the Republican-controlled House would ever support a similar measure. Meanwhile, the gun-control group backed by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg is launching a 100-day bus tour of 25 states on Friday, exactly six months after the shootings that killed 20 children and six educators in Newtown, Conn. The bus tour, organized by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, kicks off in Newtown and will include family members of the victims from that town as well as from other mass shootings. The tour, called "No More Names: The National Drive to Reduce Gun Violence," will travel to states to thank senators who supported the failed background check bill, as well as to pressure senators who voted against it. For example, it will stop in Maine to thank Republican Sen. Susan Collins for backing the reform, the tour's organizers told reporters on Wednesday. Bloomberg, the country's most influential gun-control advocate, will also send a personal letter to hundreds of deep-pocketed New York donors on Wednesday to ask them to withhold cash from the four Democratic senators who did not support the background check bill in April, The New York Times reported. Those senators are Max Baucus, Mark Begich, Heidi Heitkamp and Mark Pryor. Even though their national efforts failed, gun-control advocates have won important state-level legislative victories in Connecticut, Colorado, New York and Nevada in the past six months. Mark Glaze, the executive director of Mayors Against Illegal Guns, said the group has to "rebuild grass roots on this issue" to effectively counter the National Rifle Association's influence. Some Newtown families have also traveled to the Hill to meet with lawmakers this week about gun legislation.

Syrian doctor, in unprecedented note, asks Israel to save patient’s life

Detailed and polite handwritten letter, attached to clothing, explains previous medical care performed on patient in critical condition
A handwritten doctor’s note was found attached to the clothing of a Syrian man brought to Israel in critical condition Tuesday.
The note explained, in Arabic, previous surgical procedures and medical care the man had received days before in Syria. It asked Israel to save his life because the Syrian doctors could not provide the necessary medical treatment. While Israel has started to treat growing numbers of people wounded in Syrian battles close to the border in recent months, this was the first case of a cross-border “transfer” from a Syrian medical facility.
The note, which was signed by a Syrian doctor and dated June 8, opened with “Hello distinguished surgeon” and explained that the patient, aged 28, suffered from a gunshot wound in the chest and shrapnel damage to his diaphragm and liver, according to a translation provided by Channel 10. The Syrian doctor performed surgery to address “heavy abdominal bleeding” but noted that “the liver could not be sewed up” and that “it was necessary to examine the condition of the abdominal injury and remove the heavy pressure bandages” that the doctor had applied. “Please do what is necessary and thanks in advance,” the note concluded, while noting the various drugs that had been used during treatment and that the patient had been hospitalized for two days. Israel has so far treated around 20 Syrians who have been injured as a result of the Syrian civil war, and the IDF has set up a field hospital along the Israeli-Syrian border to help care for the injured. This particular patient, transferred by the IDF to Ziv Medical Center in Safed on Tuesday, is believed to be the first to be treated in Israel who had recent medical care in Syria. Dr. Amiram Hadari, director of the trauma unit at Ziv hospital, said the procedure carried out in Syria was likely performed in a makeshift hospital and was “rudimentary,” but that “it seems that the [Syrian] operation saved his life.” The wounded man was treated for his injuries and remained in critical but stable condition in the intensive care unit on Wednesday. Last week doctors received an unpleasant surprise when they found a live hand grenade in the pocket of another Syrian patient. The discovery led to the temporary evacuation of the hospital’s trauma unit, until police sappers could remove the explosive device.

Pakistan: Opposition members critical of Federal Budget

Members of the opposition reacted to the new government’s Federal Budget for 2013-14. The opposition termed the budget as not being people friendly. MQM leader Farooq Sattar spoke to the media following Finance Minister Ishaq Dar’s speech in the National Assembly. Sattar termed the budget as being traditional with no concrete measures to tackle the country’s economic problems. The MQM leader also said there was no mention of how to tackle terrorism in the budget. Sattar was critical of the increase in sales tax proposed in the budget. He said that this should have been decreased not increased as it impacts the common man. According to Sattar not increasing the salaries of government employees was inexcusable. Leader of the Opposition in National Assembly Pakistan Peoples Party’s Khursheed Shahcriticized the increase in sales tax and termed the federal government presented budget as not people friendly budget. Talking to media persons after the announcement of Federal Budget 2013-14 he said that increase in sales tax would affect not only the poor man living in the villages, but also in the cities. He said that salaries of government employees should have been increased in the budget. Shah added that the PML-N government should fulfill its election promises and the PPP would also protest against changing the name of Benazir Income Support Programme to Pakistan Income Support Programme. He said that they would put political pressure and public pressure on the government to not change the name. PTI leader Shireen Mazari speaking to Hamid Mir on Capital Talk, said the focus of the budget was on indirect taxes which was evident with the increase in sales tax. “This is a businessman’s budget and will increase burden on the ordinary man.”

Afghan refugees in Pakistan fear deportation

Pakistan: Labor leader criticizes federal budget 2013-14

Nasir Mansoor, Deputy General Secretary of National Trade Union Federation Pakistan (NTUF) has termed the budget ‘IMF-dictated’ to appease the international lenders to get more loans. In a statement here Wednesday, he said the new government has attacked working people of Pakistan with economic drones loaded with withdrawing of subsidies and increase in electricity tariff which multiply the miseries many fold of already suppressed working class. “We strongly condemned the anti people intention of new government policy to increase the sales tax and increase the fee on education while award enormous incentives to big businesses and corporate circles by slashing the tax slab for them.” He said it is a cruel joke with millions of salaried employees who have been facing the ever-growing inflation but didn't get any increase in their salaries.

Turkey erupts: The new young Turks

Published:Jun 8th 2013
IT BEGAN with a grove of sycamores. For months environmentalists had been protesting against a government-backed plan to chop the trees down to make room for a shopping and residential complex in Istanbul’s Taksim Square. They organised a peaceful sit-in with tents, singing and dancing. On May 31st riot police staged a pre-dawn raid, dousing the protesters with jets of water and tear gas and setting fire to their encampment. Images of the brutality—showing some protesters bloodied, others blinded by plastic bullets—spread like wildfire across social media. Within hours thousands of outraged citizens were streaming towards Taksim. Police with armoured personnel carriers and water cannon retaliated with even more brutish force. Blasts of pepper spray sent people reeling and gasping for air. Hundreds were arrested and scores injured in the clashes that ensued. Copycat demonstrations soon erupted in Ankara and elsewhere. By June 3rd most of Turkey’s 81 provinces had seen protests. A “tree revolution” had begun. In fact these protests are not just about trees. Nor is Turkey really on the brink of a revolution. The convulsions are rather an outpouring of the long-stifled resentment felt by those—nearly half of the electorate—who did not vote for the moderately Islamist Justice and Development (AK) party in the election of June 2011 that swept Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey’s combative prime minister, to a third term. The most popular slogan on the streets was “Tayyip Resign”. Millions of housewives joined in, clanging their pans in solidarity and belying government claims that the protests had been pre-planned rather than spontaneous.
Rainbow nation
It took 24 hours for Mr Erdogan to respond—whereupon he called the protesters “louts” who were acting under orders from “foreign powers”. The wave of unrest evidently caught his government off guard. “The limits of its power have now been drawn,” said Kadri Gursel, a columnist for the daily Milliyet. By June 5th at least three people had died and thousands of others had been hurt; students referred to their bruises as “Erdogan’s kiss”. The Istanbul Stock Exchange fell by as much as 12% on June 3rd, before recovering slightly the next day. Barack Obama’s administration expressed “serious concerns”. Who are the protesters who have created the biggest political crisis in a decade of Mr Erdogan’s rule? Many are critics of Turkey’s huge urban-development projects, favoured by a government that wants to pep up the slowing economy with infrastructure spending. The schemes include a third bridge over the Bosporus that will entail felling thousands of trees (and was to have been named after an Ottoman sultan who slaughtered thousands of Alevis); a huge new airport for Istanbul; and a canal joining the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara. Environmentalists are appalled. But, contrary to Mr Erdogan’s efforts to portray the protesters as thugs and extremists, they cut across ideological, religious and class lines. Many are strikingly young; but there are plenty of older Turks, many secular-minded, some overtly pious. There are gays, Armenians, anarchists and atheists. There are also members of Turkey’s long-ostracised Alevi minority, who practise a liberal form of Islam and complain of state discrimination in favour of the Sunni majority. Each group added its grievances to the litany of complaints. What unites them is a belief that Mr Erdogan is increasingly autocratic, and blindly determined to impose his views and social conservatism on the country. The secularists point to a raft of restrictions on the sale of alcohol, liberals to the number of journalists in jail, more than in any other country. Thousands of activists of varying stripes (mainly Kurds), convicted under Turkey’s vaguely worded anti-terror laws, are also behind bars. “This is not about secularists versus Islamists, it’s about pluralism versus authoritarianism,” commented one foreign diplomat. Mr Erdogan’s peevish reaction to the tumult vindicated his critics. He accepted that the use of tear gas had been overdone, and told police to withdraw from Taksim Square. This let thousands gather peacefully a day later. But as the protests gained momentum across the country he poured oil on the flames. The national spy agency would be investigating the mischief, he vowed. He lashed out at social media, especially Twitter. These, he said, were “the greatest scourge to befall society” (in the city of Izmir, on the Mediterranean coast, 29 people have been arrested on the grounds that their tweets incited violence). The Taksim project would go ahead, Mr Erdogan insisted. He made only a small concession, saying it might house a museum not a shopping arcade; scenting the mood, many retailers are anyway pulling out of the plan. As for claims that new restrictions on alcohol constituted an infringement of freedom, he dismissed them as nonsense. The measures were for the public good. Besides, “anyone who drinks is an alcoholic”, he said, “save those who vote for AK.” In reply, someone tweeted that if drinking alcohol makes you an alcoholic, then being in power makes you a dictator. To many, Mr Erdogan sounded like the Turkish generals who used to meddle because they knew what was best for the people. Divide and rule That wasn’t all. When the main opposition leader, Kemal Kilicdaroglu of the Republican People’s Party (CHP), called on Mr Erdogan to resign, he threatened to unleash “a million of my people” against CHP supporters. He was “suppressing them with the greatest of difficulty”. His departure on June 3rd, on an official visit to north Africa, left some AK party officials sighing with relief. In his absence Bulent Arinc, the deputy prime minister, acknowledged on June 4th that the police had used “excessive force”. “I apologise to the environmentally conscious people who were subjected to violence,” he added, the first hint of regret from the government (but which appeared not to extend to protesters with other motives). Abdullah Gul, the president, had already declared that, in a democracy, every citizen’s view deserved respect. Mr Erdogan’s response was a perfect example of the polarising manner in which he has governed in recent years. Buoyed by three successive election victories, in 2002, 2007 and 2011—his AK party taking a rising share of the vote—Mr Erdogan has elbowed all rivals aside. He has also managed to neutralise most potential checks on his power, including the army, the judiciary and the media, which he has intimidated into self-censorship. Hints of his intolerance came during his first term, when he tried to criminalise adultery. Faced with a popular outcry (and rebukes from the European Union), he was forced to back down. But during most of his early years, he inspired hope. Sticking to the IMF prescriptions that he inherited, he rescued the economy from the meltdown it suffered in 2001. In the past ten years GDP per person has tripled, exports have increased nearly tenfold and foreign direct investment has leapt. Turkey is now the world’s 17th biggest economy. Turkey’s robust banks are the envy of their beleaguered Western peers. Although income inequality is worryingly wide, wealth that was once concentrated in the hands of the Istanbul-based elite has spread to the Anatolian hinterland, leading to the rise of a new class of pious and innovative entrepreneurs who are powering growth. Hundreds of new hospitals, roads and schools have dramatically improved the lives of the poor. The OECD, a rich-country think-tank, and the IMF, say Turkey needs more labour-market and other reforms, not least to boost the employment rate among women. Secular Turks might argue that what the country needs is more opera houses and public sculpture. But the majority have never had it so good. This rising prosperity helped to give Mr Erdogan’s government broad nationwide approval. In his first term Mr Erdogan also embarked on sweeping domestic reforms that, in 2005, persuaded the EU to open membership talks with Turkey. He began by neutering the country’s traditionally meddlesome generals. Their influence over institutions such as the judiciary and the National Security Council, through which they barked their orders, has ended. Meanwhile hundreds of alleged coup-plotters caught up in the so-called Ergenekon and Sledgehammer cases—including many generals and a former chief of the general staff—are in jail, awaiting trial. All this means that Mr Erdogan has been Turkey’s most effective and popular leader since Kemal Ataturk, who founded the secular republic on the ruins of the Ottoman empire. And he is not only popular at home. Unlike most of his predecessors, and supported by the foreign minister, Ahmet Davutoglu, he has embraced Turkey’s Arab neighbours, opening new markets for Turkish contractors and drawing in Gulf Arab investors. Mr Erdogan has also struck an alliance with Iraq’s oil-rich Kurds, a move that has helped pave the way for his bold and ambitious effort to make peace with Turkey’s own Kurds.
The downside
Alas the problems, some of them of Mr Erdogan’s own making, have been mounting. Critics say the judicial reforms that were approved in 2010 have given the government a worryingly big say over the appointment of judges. They point to the Ergenekon case, which has put nearly every serving admiral behind bars. The trial has been dogged with allegations of fabricated evidence. Prosecutors have at times seemed more interested in exacting revenge than justice. Turkey’s foreign policy is falling apart, victim to Mr Erdogan’s hubris. Even if his salvoes against Israel have pleased the Arab street, they have raised eyebrows in Washington and deprived Turkey of a useful regional partner. His overt support for rebels fighting to topple Syria’s president, Bashar Assad, whom he wrongly predicted would quickly fall, is growing more unpopular. In May twin car-bomb explosions ripped through the town of Reyhanli on the Syrian border, killing 51 people. Turkey said Syria’s secret service was responsible; Syria denies this. But most Turks believe that Mr Erdogan risks dragging their country into war. In the ultimate irony, the Syrian government has warned people not to travel to Turkey, declaring it “unsafe”. The economy, too, is lacklustre. Growth has fallen to 3%, and unemployment is stubbornly high (see chart). A large current-account deficit makes Turkey vulnerable to a shift in market sentiment that might easily follow the present unrest. Mr Erdogan seems unfazed by all this. Surrounded by sycophants, he is out of touch. Liberals who once supported him are defecting. Secular Turks are incensed by what they see as the steady dilution of Ataturk’s legacy. The introduction of Koran classes for primary-school pupils and the revival of Islamic clerical training for middle schools are examples of creeping Islamisation, they say. For some secularists the planned new restrictions on booze—it cannot be sold in shops between 10pm and 6am, and producers can no longer advertise—were a tipping point. What angered them most was Mr Erdogan’s reference to “a pair of drunks”. “Why are their laws sacred and one that is ordered by religion [Islam] deemed objectionable?” he asked in parliament. He was assumed to be referring to Ataturk and his successor as president, Ismet Inonu. “How dare he insult our national hero? Without Ataturk there would have been no Turkey,” said Melis Bostanoglu, a young banker among thousands marching in Baghdad Avenue, a posh secular neighbourhood on Istanbul’s Asian side. Politics a la Turca The protests show that Turkey’s political fault lines have shifted. Scenes of tattooed youths helping women in headscarves stricken by tear gas have bust tired stereotypes about secularism versus Islam. Many protesters were born in the 1990s—reflecting the bulge of teenagers and twenty-somethings in the population. As many women as men were among them. These people have no memory of the bloody street battles pitting left against right before the army took power in 1980, nor of the inept and corrupt politicians who drove the economy into the ground in 2001. Their views are shaped by Twitter and Facebook; they have higher expectations than their parents. “Being respected is one of them,” said Fatmagul Sensoy, a student. Mr Erdogan “tells us how many children to have [three], what not to eat [white bread] and what not to drink,” Ms Sensoy complained. Her generation cares as much about animals and the environment as about smartphones. They set up hotlines for stray cats and dogs injured in the clashes and cleared litter after each protest. They fended off vandals who sought to hijack the events. And they marched alongside “anti-capitalist Muslims”, an umbrella group for devout young Turks disgusted by the government’s pursuit of commercial gain at the expense of the environment, and, worse, of its Islamic credentials. To all of them, Mr Erdogan’s grip seems as unshakable as it is stifling. This is because AK has no credible opponents. The struggle between old-style Kemalists and modernisers led by Mr Kilicdaroglu (an Alevi) continues to hobble the CHP. This may explain the perverse dismay the opposition felt when the government embarked on a peace process with the Kurds, who pose the only serious challenge. The slavish media have nurtured Mr Erdogan’s sense of infallibility. Eager to curry favour, media bosses continue to fire journalists who criticise the government. The craven self-censorship plumbed new depths when the protests broke out. The mainstream news channels chose to ignore them, broadcasting programmes about gourmet cooking and breast enlargement instead. Infuriated protesters marched on the offices of Haberturk, a news channel. “Sold-out media,” they shouted, as ashen-faced reporters peered out of the windows. Mr Erdogan intends to stick around. He has long wanted to succeed Mr Gul as Turkey’s first popularly elected president next year (hitherto incumbents have been chosen by parliament). Not only that: he wants to enhance the powers of the post “a la Turca”, as he puts it, enabling the president to dissolve parliament and appoint the cabinet. The protests have put a damper on what was already a fading prospect.They may also hobble the effort to create a new democratic constitution, in place of the one written by the generals after the 1980 coup. Crucially, the new document might guarantee the rights of the Kurds. A parliamentary commission has made little progress, because the opposition parties keep throwing up new hurdles—objecting to the removal of references to Turkish ethnicity, for example, and to education in Kurdish. Even before the protests there were signs that Mr Erdogan would defer the constitutional question until after local elections next March. He will now be even warier of alienating his nationalist base by mollifying the Kurds. Such stalling might jeopardise peace. Abdullah Ocalan, the imprisoned leader of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) has been co-operative, renouncing demands for independence, declaring that the days of armed conflict are over and calling on the PKK to withdraw to Kurdish-controlled northern Iraq. Organised Kurdish groups have been glaringly absent from the protests, a sign that they do not want to put the peace talks at risk. But their patience may wear thin. This week there were reports of clashes with the army on the Iraqi border, the first since the PKK announced a ceasefire in March. Erdogan’s move For the first time since he came to power, Mr Erdogan looks vulnerable. This may encourage Mr Gul to make a bid for his job: under AK party rules Mr Erdogan cannot run for the premiership again. It is no secret that he would prefer a more malleable ally for the post, to retain his control over AK and the country after he leaves it. The protests continued as The Economist went to press. But, when they end, there will be many uncertainties. What if Mr Gul decides to stand for a second term as president? Both the CHP and the far-right Nationalist Action Party would support his candidacy, as would Turkey’s most influential cleric, Fethullah Gulen. If he did, and stayed on, Mr Erdogan would be left with neither of the top jobs. Mr Erdogan may be a natural autocrat but he is also pragmatic. Time and again he has pulled back from the brink. The Taksim rebellion is his biggest challenge so far. If he can swallow his pride and make real amends, Mr Erdogan could yet repair much of the damage. But polarising the country is in his nature. If that continues, a decade of economic and political stability under the AK party may yet come to a pitiful or even tragic end.

VIDEO: Obama grabs lunch, campaigns for Markey
President Obama was back in full campaign mode Wednesday, stopping off at a Boston sandwich shop with Senate candidate Ed Markey before heading to a fundraiser for the Massachusetts Democrat. The presidential motorcade wound its way to Charlie's Sandwich Shoppe in the city's South End, where "has rules" according to a sign above the door, and Obama ordered a cheeseburger and fries to go. "I want to make sure you know that there's going to be an election coming up for Congressman Markey to send him to the Senate," he told diner in the cramped shop, according to a pool report. "I want to make sure everybody turns out and votes. Alright? This guy has been fighting for Massachusetts for a very long time and he cares deeply about all the folks here. I know it seems like there's an election every other week, but this one's important." The Markey event was the first of three fundraisers Obama was slated to attend Wednesday. The other two, benefitting the Democratic National Committee, are at private homes in Miami. The Boston Globe's Michael Levenson tweets this pic of the presidential burger order:

VIDEO: CNN crew hit by tear gas in Turkey


Erdogan 's supporters were saying that people had sex and have alcohol party on night of June 2nd and 3rd june in the mosque !! this kind of denigration only comes from Erdogan's fans (because they are disturbed in their head dirty people think dirty !!!!) but the reality was all the people who got hurt were treated by doctors who helped people voluntarily!!
Mr.Erdogan needs to watch this clip,so he can find out that there were injured people,victim of his police , who were getting treatment by a group of volunteer doctors,not drinking or having sex.

Pakistan's Loadshedding riots: Shahbaz Sharif does not like the taste of his own medicine

by Mahpara Qalandar
Only four months before the Sharif Brothers of PML-N were inciting people to come out on the roads and streets to protest against load shedding. Interestingly, Shahbaz Sharif despite being the chief minister of Punjab led some of the protests. Although he did not openly support destruction of property, the riots wither led by him or encouraged by him resulted in losses of public and private property worth billions. Shahbaz Sharif always justified the riots by saying that the people were right in agitating for their rights. He blamed the federal government (actually President Zardari and his PPP) for every ill under the sun including the load shedding. Things have not changed. People face the same load shedding scourge. Shahbaz Sharif is still the chief minister of Punjab. But no. I am wrong because things have indeed changed. When on 11 June, the people came out in protesting against load shedding in various towns and cities, they found themselves in for a big shock. Forget Shahbaz Shairf; not even a petty local PML-N demagogue was there to lead them. They found the notorious Punjab police.The protesters were not only brutally beaten up, the police entered their homes and beat up their women who had nothing to do the protests. So much for the much trumpted sanctity of the home for which the PML-N takes so much credit.This is very typical of the Sharif Brothers. When in opposition, they are ‘guided’ by all the golden rules that exist under the sun. But once in the office, these brothers are an ugly image of Nero totally oblivious of the problems of the people. It is the same brothers who were promising deadlines to end load shedding. But now they blatantly and shameless say that no deadlines can be given. Shahbaz Sharif defended people’s right to protest as long as the PPP was ruling. But now it is his own PML-N and his own sweet brother is the prime minister. So the protesters can be taught a lesson for their insolence. So much for the good governance!
In his recent show Nustrat Javed draws attention to the fact the Shabaz Shareef is Chief Minister of Punjab. He was meeting at the “Minar -e-Pakistan” to show solidarity with sufferers of power outages when he was Chief Minister of Punjab under a PPP government. Why is Shahbaz Shareef having no sympathy for the same people under his brother’s government?On the other hand there is no shortage of sycophants who will try to justify police brutality against victims of power outages to score points with the new government.
Editor’s note: The Media-Judiciary-PML N-Fake Civil Society nexus has played a horrible role in misinforming the public about the crippling power crisis facing Pakistan. In the short-lived PPP government lead by Benazir Bhutto from 1993-96, a number of power projects were initiated with a long term view of providing sufficient power to both private and industrial sectors. Most of these initiatives were deliberately scuttled by the next PML N government which came in after scuttling yet another democratically elected government through the intrigues of traitors like Leghari and sellout journalists like Najam Sethi. Not only did the PML N government hound and jail power sector investors on charges that have now been proven to have been politically motivated, they also scrapped the Keti Bunder project that would have ensured inexpensive coal inputs for maximum power generation. Today, coal prices are at an oil time low but due to deliberate tactics of the 1997-99 PML N government, Pakistan is not in a position to take advantage of this. Last year, PML N hooligans under the direct instigation of Shehbaz Sharif destroyed power infrastructure in Punjab and attacked the homes of PPP and PML Q legislators – even though the Punjab government was under PML N! PML N not only failed to address the power issue, it used a sellout media to lay all the blame on the PPP government. Of course, when it comes to the blame game, the Nawaz Yafta “liberals” (NYLs) who have discovered PML N’s “maturity” and “anti-establishment” poses will continue to blame a dwindled PPP for the faults of the PML N. The Media-Judiciary will continue to hound PPP while giving a free berth to PML N and its ASWJ/LeJ/TTP partners. Perhaps Punjab might still wake up from its Jamaati stupor and appreciate that under PPP, they still can voice grievances. Under PML N, they can forget about it. Perhaps, one day, the alleged rigging that saw the PML steal as many as 70+ seats from the PTI and PPP might eventually be investigated. Until then, the whole country should be ready to see worse.

Protest leaders bail out of talks with Turkish PM after clashes

Protest leaders canceled plans Wednesday to meet with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, saying the previous night's violence in Istanbul's Taksim Square and Gezi Park showed talks would be fruitless. Riot police used massive amounts of tear gas, water cannons and stun guns to break up protesters' large-scale demonstration
Tuesday night.
Erdogan was going ahead with meeting some "popularists," including figures from the protests in Gezi Park, the country's semiofficial Anadolu Agency reported. But protest leader Eyup Muhcu said those attending the meeting are friendly with Erdogan's government. Wednesday began quietly, with rain blanketing the ruins of days of rowdy protests.Protesters have faced off with police on the streets of Istanbul for two weeks. What began in late May as a demonstration focused on the environment -- opposition to a plan to build a mall in Gezi Park -- has evolved into a crusade against Erdogan that's spread around the country.Protesters and 'troublemakers' Not all organizers were invited to the talks to begin with, Muhcu said. Erdogan's government discerns between ecologists who started the protests in an attempt to save the park from bulldozers and Marxist extremists, who have lobbed rocks and Molotov cocktails at police, said Ibrahim Kalin, the prime minister's chief adviser, referring to the latter as "troublemakers." "Anywhere in the world, they will not be considered peaceful protesters," Kalin told CNN's Christiane Amanpour on Tuesday. He said some were associated with a group that carried out an attack on the U.S. Embassy in Ankara in February. The police reaction has been no different from that of security forces' methods against similar groups at Occupy Wall Street protests in the United States, he said. "The police obviously have the mandate to establish public order," Kalin said, just like they do in Spain, Sweden and Britain.
Protests from urban professionals
A heavy hand and rhetoric from Erdogan have left little room for dissent and have long been a thorn in the side of many secular Turks, who voted against the government. These are the protesters, many of them urban professionals, who have crowded into the park and called for an end to Erdogan's 10 years at the government's helm.They say they have had little place at the table in the government, which is supported mainly by rural, religious conservatives.
Human rights record
Experts and human rights groups agree with this large group of Turks that Erdogan's democratically elected government lags when it comes to human rights and freedom of expression by opponents. "Prosecutors and courts continued to use terrorism laws to prosecute and prolong incarceration of thousands of Kurdish political activists, human rights defenders, students, journalists and trade unionists," Human Rights Watch wrote in a 2013 report on Turkey. Turkish journalists are afraid to write anything critical of the government, and media companies are slapped with huge tax fines for covering uncomfortable topics. According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, Turkish authorities have targeted journalists with detention for covering the protests. Erdogan's dilemma is in how he handles those who did not elect him, said CNN's Fareed Zakaria. "He has come to believe that he speaks for all of Turkey."
Why Taksim Square matters to Turks
Those who are against him are handled in "too authoritarian" a manner, Zakaria said Tuesday on "Piers Morgan Live." The prime minister has said he will not back down. "They say the prime minister is harsh," Erdogan said Tuesday, referring to his detractors. "I'm sorry," he told a gathering of his own party. "The prime minister is not going to change." Erdogan is tightening his grip on power, adding authority to the office of the presidency, which he hopes to hold in coming years. Former U.S. intelligence chief John Negroponte said he believes the protests could have something to do with Erdogan's ambitions. There may be "forces joining in here, whose aim it is to prevent him from achieving his ambition of becoming the next president of the country," he told Morgan.

Saudi forces nab nearly 150 government protesters

Regime forces in Saudi Arabia have detained about 150 people for participation in rallies held in several cities, demanding the release of political prisoners. The whereabouts of the detainees, reportedly nabbed on Wednesday, are still unknown. The protests were held despite a strict ban by the Saudi regime on anti-government rallies. Saudi Arabia has been the scene of frequent protests since early 2011. Over a dozen demonstrators have been killed and many arrested in the regime's crackdown during the past two years. Saudi activists say there are more than 40,000 political prisoners, mostly prisoners of conscience, in jails across the Kingdom. According to the activists, most of the detained political thinkers are being held by the government without trial or legitimate charges and have been arrested for merely looking suspicious. Some of the detainees are reported to be held without trial for more than 16 years. Attempting to incite the public against the government and the allegiance to foreign entities are usually the ready-made charges against political dissidents. In Saudi Arabia, protests and political gatherings of any kind are prohibited. - See more at:

U.K: ''Riot police storm Soho G8 protest squat''

Riot police have forced their way into a building in Soho, central London, as protests were staged against the G8 summit.
From about 10:00 BST more than 100 officers were outside a reported squat in Beak Street occupied by protesters. Fifty seven arrests have been made and demonstrations have taken place in Oxford Street and Regent Street. The StopG8 group planned a "Carnival Against Capitalism" ahead of the summit in Northern Ireland next week. The Met said protesters wanted a "Week of Action". Roof jump thwarted Officers went to Beak Street with a search warrant because they said they had a tip-off people there had weapons and were intent on causing criminal damage. They claimed intelligence pointed to a plan to use paint bombs. One man had to be tackled by police as he tried to jump from the roof of the Beak Street building saying "I don't want to live in a fascist state", reported Mike Sergeant. The arrests were made for alleged possession of an offensive weapon, criminal damage, assault on a police officer, failure to remove a face covering, and possession of articles with intent to commit criminal damage. StopG8 said many of the world's "most brutal and polluting companies" were in the West End, as well as government offices and the "mega rich". The Met said officers had been working with the City of London Police and British Transport Police and warning businesses in central London and The City about possible protests. The leaders of the world's eight wealthiest countries are due to meet at the Lough Erne resort in Co Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, for the two-day G8 conference next week.

Militants massacre 60 Shia Muslims in eastern Syria

As many as 60 Shia Muslim residents of a Syrian village in east of the country have been massacred by foreign-sponsored militants. On Tuesday, the militants attacked the village of Hatlah in eastern Deir Ezzor province and took control of it and killed 60 Shia residents, AFP reported. Nearly a dozen militants were also killed as a group of local residents took up arms to defend their village. The insurgent attack and the subsequent violence forced the residents of the village to flee their homes. The Syria crisis began in March 2011, and many people, including large numbers of government forces, have been killed. Damascus says the chaos is being orchestrated from outside the country, and there are reports that a very large number of the militants are foreign nationals. The Syrian government says the West and its regional allies, such as Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey, are supporting the militants.

Turkey: aftermath of clashes in Istanbul's Taksim Square – video

Taksim Square in Istanbul falls quiet on Wednesday after a night of violence between police and anti-government protesters. Police intensified their efforts to clear the central square after 10 days of demonstrations against the prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Erdoğan has called for an end to the protests, which began against plans to build on a central park

White House says concerned about events in Turkey

The White House said on Tuesday it was concerned by attempts in Turkey to punish individuals for expressing free speech and called for dialogue to resolve differences between the government and protesters. "We continue to follow events in Turkey with concern, and our interest remains supporting freedom of expression and assembly, including the right to peaceful protest," White House spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden said in a statement. (

Young generation takes bullet of Syria conflict

The conflict in Syria, which has been dragging on for 27 months, has brought about a lot of social problems, overshadowing the future of the current or even the next generation of young people. Among the most intractable problems is the rising divorce rate. Reports have said divorce cases shot up by 100 percent in recent months and were mostly blamed on the conflict and the deteriorating economy. Attorney General in Damascus Ahmad Bakri said that divorces rose in the capital and its countryside during the current year by an equivalent of 100 cases per day. In a statement published by local al-Watan newspaper, al-Bakri warned that this rate "poses a very dangerous and unprecedented rise" compared with the previous years. Bakri blamed the rise in divorce cases on the current living conditions, especially the violence in the country, indicating that a lot of spouses have become unemployed, which drives the wife to seek a divorce as a result of husband's failure to provide for the family. For his part, Mohamed Khair Akam, a professor at the Faculty of Law, told local media that there is a remarkable rise in divorce cases, saying that it's the wife's right to ask for divorce if her husband is incapable to provide the basic necessities. He added that in light of the current circumstances in Syria, many men have become incapable to secure these basic needs, leading thus to an eventual divorce. Divorces increased significantly since the outbreak of the Syrian crisis, one of the Syrian judges said on condition of anonymity, adding that the problems are complex and most often economic in nature and in other cases for political reasons. He claimed that divorce happened not only because of economic conditions but also for differences among the spouses over political issue as each of them backs different side of the conflict. Moreover, the unrest also forced the majority of Syrian youths to postpone the idea of getting married or even to give it up. Spinsterhood has always been a ghost haunting women alone, and perhaps the crisis passed this plight to men as well, with a simple difference: spinsterhood among men was optional. Montaser Samman, 32, told Xinhua that he believed that marriage breeds a state of stability and happiness, but "under the current circumstances, I will never dare to take such a step." He said marriage is "very expensive as the man is the sole responsible to support the family, let alone the high prices of gold and the fear of instability in the country." "We can guarantee a stable life and a good future neither for us nor for our children," he said. The crisis and the economic sanctions on the country have caused a sharp depreciation in the Syrian pound, which has lost almost 75 percent of its value, sending thus the gold prices skyrocketing. So, the rise in the gold prices was an additional cause behind some of the Syrian youths' decision not to get married. Two days ago, Syrian websites and newspapers published the story of two Syrian couples, who had opted to tattoo the marriage ring on their fingers, in a step aiming to challenge the high gold prices and encourage Syrians to follow suit. Gold prices in the domestic market have witnessed consequent rises to 5,850 Syrian pounds (58.8 U.S. dollars) per one gram. Shortly ahead of the crisis, one gram was used to be sold at around 2,600 Syrian pounds (26.2 dollars).

د ننګرهار په اچین ولسوالۍ کې د طالبانو ضد پاڅون
جلال اباد - د افغانستان ننګرهاراچين ولسوالۍ عبدالخېلو سيمه کې په زرګونو تنو شينوارو د وسله والو طالبانو خلاف ولسي پاڅون وکړ او خپله سيمه يې له وسله والو څخه پاکه کړه. د تيرې شبنې په ورځ د ننګرهار ولايت د اچين ولسوالۍ عبدالخېلو سيمه کې هم په زرګونو تنو ولسي وګړو د وسله والو طالبانو پر ضد پاڅون وکړ چې دخلکو په وينا خپله سيمه يې له وسله والو طالبانو څخه پاکه کړې ده. قومي مشر ملک بهاندر مشال راډيو ته وويل چې ولس په سيمه کې د نا امنيو څخه تنګ شوي و نو ځکه يې ولسي پاڅون وکړ: (( زموږ د عبدالخېلو قوم چې شمېر يې شاه و خوا ۱۰ یا ۱۲ زره تنو ته رسېږي، په دې کې ځينې خلک سره لتاړ شوي دي، نو موږ په خپل قوم کې بې امنيتي نه غواړو، خپل قوم کې ګډوډي نه غواړو، خپل قوم کې زور زياتی، ظلم نه غواړو.)) د اچين ولسوالۍ د انکشافي شورا مشر ملک شيرخان وويل: له دې وروسته به هيچاته اجازه ورنه کړي چې په سيمه کې نا امني جوړه کړي: ((ګډوډي ډېره زياته موږ ټول عبدالخېل د خپلې درې امنيت په شريکه نيسو. بس نور په دې کې بيا بې عزتۍ ته ځان نه پرېږدو. او خاص د وطن د حفاظت له پاره دغه کار موږ شروع کړی دی.)) د افغانستان په ختيځ کې د لومړي لمبر سرحدي لوا سرپرست قوماندان محمد ايوب حسين خيل د وسله والو طالبانو په وړاندې ولسي پاڅون ته په ښه نظر ګوري او وايي: (( د هغه چا په مقابل کې چې هغوی زموږ د ولسونو ژوند نا ارامه کوي، نه غواړي چې زموږ زموږ بچي په ارامه فضا کې تعليم او تعلوم ته ادامه ورکړي، او د هغوی په مقابل کې څوک قيام کوي، موږ ورته هرکلی وايو. او دا د هر افغان وجيبه ده چې داسې خلک چې هغوی اختطاف کوي، هغوی تروريستي اعمال کوي، او زموږ د ولسونو آرامه ژوند نا ارامه کوي، بايد ټول ولس موږ سره همکاري وکړي او پاڅېږي، دا خلک له خپلې ساحې نه وباسي.)) د چارو څارونکي سحرګل اميرزي د وسله والو طالبانو په وړاندې ولسي پاڅون د وخت ضرورت وباله. ((د تاريخ په اوږدو کې چې کله هم ولسونه له دولت سره يو ځای شوي، ښه حکومتداري رامنځته شوې، باثباته ژوند رامنځته شوی دی، دغسې پاڅونونه زيات ګټور دي، که ټولې ولسوالۍ په يوه وخت راپورته شي او د وسله والو په خلاف پاڅون وکړي، امنيت راتلای شي.)) په ننګرهار کې اچين يوه سرحدي ولسوالي ده چې خلک يې له تعليمه لرې پاتې شوي او په قومي شخړو اخته دي چې له امله يې په سيمه کې وسله وال طالبان پيدا شوي ول خو اوس د سيمې اوسيدونکي وايي چې سيمه يې له وسله والو طالبانو څخه پاکه کړې ده.

Motorcycle bomb kills 2, wounds 15 in Afghanistan

Officials say a motorcycle bomb has exploded in southern Afghanistan, killing an Afghan soldier and a civilian. Local police chief Ghulam Ali says Wednesday's blast near a market in Helmand province's heavily contested Sangin district also left 15 people wounded. Helmand government spokesman Omar Zwak says the explosives in a parked motorcycle were remotely detonated as an army and police patrol passed by. Ali said three soldiers, one local police officer and 11 civilians were among the wounded. Taliban insurgents have unleashed a fierce wave of attacks on Afghan security forces and government targets in recent weeks. The offensive has pushed violence to some of the highest levels of the 12-year war as Afghan forces take over most security responsibility from international troops set to withdraw next year.

3 more kids succumb to measles; Punjab death toll 157

Three more children died of measles in Lahore on Tuesday, taking the overall death toll in Punjab to 157. Two children died at Mayo Hospital while the third child succumbed to the disease in Jinnah Hospital. On the other hand, the Lahore High Court (LHC) has warned that it would initiate action against Chief Minister and Health Minister of Punjab if more children died due to the measles. Justice Khalid Mahmood said that children are dying on daily basis, but the Health Department is engaged in formalities. He said the court should now be told how many children were saved by the Health Department. The judge remarked that it is now time for the new government to stop distributing sweets and start work practically.

India among world’s most violent places: Study
The recent Maoist violence in Bastar, which left 28 people dead, is no aberration. The Global Peace Index (GPI) 2013, which was released on Tuesday, has ranked India among the 25 least peaceful nations to live in. The country was placed 141 among 162 nations, having lost more than two lives a day — or a staggering 799 persons — to internal conflicts in 2012. Giving India company at the bottom of the heap are countries like Pakistan, Iraq, South Sudan and Afghanistan, which are traditionally perceived to be more violence-ridden. Iceland emerged as 2012's most peaceful country in the index and the Central African Republic the least. Ironically, India has improved on its 2011 rank by three notches. India's poor ranking in 2012 was attributed to the high number of internal and external conflicts, ease of access to small and medium weapons and the political terror scale, as in the case of conflict-ridden Kashmir, said the report's author Steve Killelea, of the Institute for Economics and Peace, a global think tank which works on the relationship between economics, business and peace. Killelea observed more populous countries were less peaceful and it was possible that conflicts in large countries like India were more difficult to manage. On the positive side, India has reduced its number of deaths from internal conflicts as well as improved the perception of criminality among its citizens, which explains the bettering of its overall rank. "For the first time since 1994, the total number of fatalities linked to conflict within India dropped below four figures, with a notable decline in deaths related to Islamist terrorism, insurgency in J&K and fatalities associated with Maoist insurgency across the Red Belt," stated the report. However, it also refers to border skirmishes between India and its neighbours requiring a large military force and increased defence expenditure, which drags India's overall score down.The world itself has grown less peaceful, with a 5% decline in scores over the last six years. It was found that more countries deteriorated in peace (110) in 2012 as compared to those which grew more peaceful (48) since 2008. "The findings of this year's index support the prevailing trend of the last six years, namely: a continuing shift away from nations taking up arms against one another and towards more organised internal conflicts. A key factor associated with this is that the peace gap between countries under authoritarian regimes and the rest of the world is becoming larger," said Killelea. This is illustrated by the civil war in Syria — which saw the greatest drop in its peacefulness among the nations analyzed — as well as the climate of political instability in the Middle East.

Pakistan: Power riots erupt in Punjab towns: Police storm houses to arrest protesters

A large number of people from villages around Khurrianwala town vented their anger against power outages on Tuesday and attacked a grid station and offices of the Faisalabad Electric Supply Company (Fesco). They blocked traffic on the Sheikhupura-Faisalabad road for about 10 hours and pelted police and vehicles with stones, causing injuries to four constables. Police chased the protesters, entered a number of houses by scaling the walls or breaking open the gates and thrashed anyone they found there. Policemen are reported to have abused and dragged women when they objected to their conduct. A number of women and children who had not joined the protests were also mistreated. More than 10 people were arrested from the houses. The industrial city of Faisalabad saw a number of violent protests over outages during the PPP government. At that time, Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif had backed their protests, but asked them not to damage public property. PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif had also supported the agitation by industrial workers. Protests were also reported on Tuesday from Dera Ghazi Khan, Sheikhupura and Bahawalpur, but they were largely peaceful. Hundreds of people started gathering in the morning and blocked the Khurrianwala Road. They raised slogans against Fesco and an independent power producer supplying electricity to their villages. The protesters attacked the Fesco sub-divisional office in Bundala, ransacked the building and put it on fire. Police did not intervene because of having been outnumbered by the protesters. They also attacked a grid station near Ada Johal and tried to enter it, but were stopped by police. A mill where police had been deployed also came under attack. Two ambulances remained stuck in the traffic for some time but were later allowed by agitators to proceed. Police used batons and teargas to disperse the protesters but they refused to leave till restoration of power supply. Police chased the protesters in streets and bazaar and also entered some houses to arrest them. The protesters also hurled stones at Faisalabad DCO Najam Shah and CPO Raja Riffat Mukhtar when they tried to negotiate with them. They said both the officers were unable to resolve the issue, adding that the district coordination officer had assured their delegation a couple of days ago that the problem would be solved, but nothing had been done so far. Similar protests had been held on June 3 when demonstrators blocked the Khurrianwala Road for over five hours, damaged some vehicles and pelted police and some buildings with stones. They raised slogans against 10 hours of loadshedding schedule planned by Fesco. Police fired into the air to disperse the protesters and pursued them to the Ada Johal area. The road was later cleared. Our Sheikhupura correspondent adds: A large number of factory workers and residents of Ferozewattwan and adjoining localities gathered on the Faisalabad Road and blocked traffic for about three hours in protest against 20 hours of power outages. KASUR: A demonstration was held by people of Basti Kambovan against up to 20 hours of loadshedding.

Pakistan: Banning the internet?

Editorial: DAILY TIMES
It has been almost 10 months since the previous PPP government banned popular video sharing website YouTube. The reason it was banned was because a blasphemous low-budget movie was uploaded on the site, sending Muslims in Pakistan on a violent protest spree. The government’s response was to bury its head in the sand instead of proactively solving the matter. It closed down the website, which is used the world over for educational, information and entertainment purposes. Now, the new government is rumoured to be contemplating going one step further. The PML-N’s minister for information technology and telecommunications, Anusha Rahman, has said that the government would work to place mega filters on the internet to sieve out all blasphemous and pornographic content (which is also banned) and if Google did not offer its full support in filtering the blasphemous content from YouTube, not only would the indefinite ban stay but Google could face a ban also. One cannot fathom where these ‘bright’ ideas come from. Google is literally the most visited and comprehensive search engine online and its many affiliated websites and e-mail sharing sites are the backbone of correspondence and communications. To even mention a ban on it hints at a major lack of comprehension on how to exist with the world in the 21st century. The Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry has meanwhile taken suo motu notice of the ‘blasphemous’ content on the internet and has directed the Pakistan Telecommunications Authority (PTA) to submit a report within a week. Is the PTA really expected to scour the entire infinity of the internet and earmark every single link, site and video that may be deemed blasphemous? One would hate to think there is some sort of collective vendetta to isolate the citizens of Pakistan from freedom of information and speech, from exercising their right to access the entire, modern world at their fingertips. Why is it impossible for our representatives to approach this issue maturely and sanely? First and foremost, we citizens should be trusted enough to be able to freely choose what we wish to access or see. If that is ‘blasphemous’ for the authorities to consider then they should look at the matter in a way that does not amount to blanket bans. Other Muslim countries have signed agreements with Google to have blasphemous content removed from YouTube in their countries, so why does Pakistan not do this? Google has agreed to such an arrangement but our governments have been too lazy to move ahead on this proposal. We citizens are in the process being denied, and threatened with more denial, of freedom of information and hence knowledge and enlightenment. All such ideas should be relegated to the dustbin.

Pakistan: Targeted attack against Ahamdis leave one dead, two injured in Karachi

Ahmadiyya Times
A man belonging to Ahmadiyya community was shot dead and his son and a companion were wounded in a targeted attack in Soldier Bazaar locality. Police said the victims were identified as Hamid Sami, 45, his eighteen-year-old son, Osama and a companion, Salman Zaman, 48. The victims were shot multiple times and were taken to Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre where doctors pronounced Sami as dead. Police said Sami and his companion, Zaman, used to work at a private engineering firm near Tibbat Centre on M.A. Jinnah Road as account consultants and the incident took place when they were returning to their homes in a car in Gulshan-e-Iqbal area. They changed their way to home as protest was ongoing at M.A. Jinnah road and turned their car towards narrow streets of Soldier Bazaar, where armed men targeted them. Senior official Masood Ahmad of Ahmadiyya community strongly condemned the incident and demanded arrest of culprits, adding that it seemed the terrorists had now started killings their community members. He urged the government and law enforcers to take strict action to avoid such incidents in future. No case was registered till filling of this report.

Protest against load-shedding in Peshawar, Swat

The people held protest demonstrations against the hours' long power outages in Peshawar and Swat districts and demanded of the government to adopt measure to overcome unannounced load-shedding. In Peshawar's Badabair area, the residents staged protest demonstration and burnt tyres against the hours' long continued load shedding. The enraged protestors also blocked Peshawar-Kohat road for traffic for sometime in the morning. The protesters, who were holding banners and placards inscribed with slogans against WAPDA and PESCO, also set tyres on fire. The speakers said that long hours load shedding has affected industries and business activities and disturbed daily routine life. Later, the protestors peacefully dispersed. Meanwhile, the residents of Tehsil Matta in Swat also staged protest demonstration against power outages and blocked Mingora Road for traffic, which created problems for school children and government employees in reaching their respective destinations. They said that power outages had led to serious shortage of water in different localities and people were faced with many problems as they had to fetch water from far-off tube wells. They argued it was the responsibility of Government and Wapda to provide uninterrupted power supply to consumers as people of Tehsil Matta were regularly paying their electricity bills. They chanted slogans against Wapda and PESCO and burnt tyres. Later, they peaceful dispersed.

Zardari's anti-Taliban legacy has no heirs

President Zardari has urged the Pakistani government to curb terrorism in his last parliament address. But the newly-elected PM Sharif has made it clear he won't go against the Taliban - a path Zardari gladly took. Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari, widower of the slain former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, has never hesitated to call the Islamist extremists his enemies. In fact, he says they are his "personal enemies," as the Taliban allegedly assassinated his wife Bhutto in December 2007 during a public rally in the northeastern city of Rawalpindi. After his Pakistan People's Party (PPP) came into power in 2008, President Zardari allied himself with other liberal movements such as the nationalist Awami National Party (ANP) in the restive northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province bordering Afghanistan, and the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) in the southern Sindh province. The alliance was mainly forged to defeat the Taliban.However, all three parties paid the heaviest price for their opposition to the Taliban. Their leaders and workers were killed by the extremists with impunity. Their collaboration with the US in an unpopular "war on terror" in Pakistan also cost them this year's May 11 parliamentary elections. The Pakistani people rejected them and elected instead conservative parties like Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's Muslim League in Islamabad and cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan's Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) or the Movement for Justice party in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The anti-Taliban ANP was wiped out of the province.
The last speech
In his last speech to the joint session of the parliament's lower house (National Assembly) and the upper house (Senate) before the end of his presidency, Zardari made it clear that he was not ready to change his stance on extremism or compromise with the Taliban. Zardari's speech came just hours after Islamist militants targeted NATO supply trucks in a northwestern tribal area near the Afghan border, killing at least six people. "The nation is united against militancy. We need strong leadership to overcome the threat," he said to newly-elected parliamentarians. "We are ready to make peace with those willing to give up violence. But we should also be ready to use force against those who challenge the writ of the state." Zardari also said that the fact that the Pakistani people turned out in a large number to vote in the past national elections, despite the threats of violence, was proof that Pakistanis believed in democracy. But will Prime Minister Sharif pay heed to Zardari's advice? Will he go against the Taliban and other extremist groups in Pakistan or make peace with them? Will Imran Khan, whose party governs the strategically important Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in the war against the Taliban, reconsider his policies vis-à-vis the Taliban and terrorism? The answer is a definite 'No'. Both these leaders have avowed that they would make truce with the Islamists and won't follow the Zardari legacy.
Stronger Taliban
Peshawar-based development worker and political activist Maqsood Ahmad Jan believes that Sharif's and Khan's insistence on peace talks with the Taliban are emboldening the extremists in Pakistan. "The new rulers have turned a blind eye to Taliban atrocities. Some parties say that the Taliban are like their children. The result is that the radicals are getting bolder and that kidnappings for ransom are on the rise," Jan told DW. He lamented that Sharif's Muslim League and Khan's PTI offered no words of sympathy to people targeted by the Islamist militants on a regular basis. Jan is of the view that not only the Taliban will get stronger under new rulers, the Sharif government will not be able to deal with various crises that Pakistan is facing, mainly the energy crisis. He thinks this will frustrate the Pakistani people who will probably look towards the PPP and the ANP again in future. "Sharif and Khan have no idea how to deal with the Taliban. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa chief minister recently said he did not know who was behind the terrorist attacks." 'Unpopular war' But experts say that despite the fact that most Pakistanis are against Islamist extremists and prefer liberal and center-right parties over hardline Islamic ones, they want their government to review its support to the US in the protracted war against the Taliban. They want peace and do not care whether it comes at the cost of giving concessions to the militants.According to DW's Peshawar correspondent Faridullah Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has been one of the worst hit by the "war on terror" and many people there are against US drone strikes in the semi-governed northwestern tribal areas. In his opinion, many people held the ANP and PPP responsible for this situation. It was something that right-wing groups are benefiting from, he said. Political experts like Malik Siraj Akbar, who is based in the US, are critical of Pakistan's response to the Taliban and the menace of terrorism. Akbar told DW in an interview that the main reason why liberal Pakistani parties faced a dilemma was that Pakistan had not officially "owned" the so-called war on terror. "Pakistan is not ideologically convinced that it is its war." For this reason, counter-terrorism experts in in the country say Zardari and other liberals have not been able to get the masses behind them in the fight against terror.
Another dilemma
The ANP, like the PPP and the MQM, face another ideological dilemma. Not only the Pakistani state, but now also the US, wants to talk to the Taliban and make its peace with the militants. "So what is the future of the parties like the ANP and the PPP who have been supporting the onslaught on the Islamists?" asked Dr. Riaz Ahmed, a political activist in Karachi, who described why he believed the attacks on anti-Taliban leaders had increased. "Politicians who want an offensive against the extremists are now a hindrance in the negotiations with the Taliban. They are being removed from the scene," Ahmed told DW. Islamic parties have always been demanding that the government makes peace with the radicals. Muhammad Shah Afridi, a former conservative member of parliament from Khyber Agency, one of the semi-governed tribal agencies bordering Afghanistan, told DW that if the US and NATO could negotiate with the Taliban then Pakistan should do the same. "War is not the solution to this conflict. We will have to talk (to the Taliban)," Afridi said. Zardari had also welcomed the US initiative of "peace talks" with the Taliban. But experts believe it is not enough to convince the Taliban that he and his party are "friends." There are many in the ranks of the PPP and other liberal Pakistani parties who still oppose the Taliban and do not want to change their own ideological course. But experts are not sure how long they will be able to carry on with this legacy.

What Turkey needs is a coup
BY: Emmett Robinson, National Post
What started out as a minor spark of protest over the proposed construction of a shopping mall in Istanbul has burst into flames of nationwide unrest in Turkey, and the fuel available to feed the fire has been building up, depending on how one measures it, for 10 years, or maybe closer to 100. What Turkey needs now is what it has always needed, and has always had, in the past — a powerful check on the forces of reactionary Islam. Modern Turkey arose from the ashes of the Ottoman Empire following the First World War. In its wake came a dynamic, visionary leader: Mustafa Kemal, later given the honorific title Atatürk, or “Father of the Turks.” By emphasizing the national identity of the Turkic people who populated the heartland of the former Islamic empire, Atatürk was able to unify the region, originally divided into post-war Allied occupation zones, to form the Turkish nation state. National identity wasn’t the only principal upon which Atatürk built the new country. To him, the war had made the stifling, sclerotic nature of Ottoman society glaringly obvious. What Turkey needed, Atatürk concluded, was a completely remade, Westernized society. This meant developing an open society. Most importantly, it meant discarding the Islamic state and instituting liberal democratic reforms. The path to success for Turkey, Atatürk concluded, forked toward the liberal West rather than the Islamic East. Thus, under Atatürk, Turkey scrapped the Arabic alphabet in favour of the Latin. It abolished what remained of sharia law, adopted a legal code modeled after Switzerland’s and famously banned the fez in favour of Western-style headgear. Opposition parties were eventually allowed to form (though the earliest attempts were quashed). The franchise, and the right to be elected to parliament, was extended to women in the mid-1930s.After his death in 1938, Atatürk’s successors took up the cause of continued liberalization. Perhaps the greatest achievement of these Kemalists (as Atatürk’s ideological followers were known) occurred in 1950. That year, the Kemalist party was thoroughly trounced at the polls and peacefully ceded power to the opposition Democrats. Turkey became the first true democracy in the modern Muslim world. Yet reform in Turkey has never come easily. Since the country’s founding, the Kemalists and their successors have faced staunch opposition from the forces of reactionary Islam. On several occasions after free elections were first instituted, the Turkish military, closely aligned with the reforming Kemalists since the days of Atatürk himself, has had to intervene directly in government affairs in order to keep democracy from destroying democracy — to stave off, “one man, one vote, one time.” Following the election of 1950, for example, the Democrats ruled Turkey for 10 years. Over that decade, the party and its leader, Adnan Menderes, became increasingly anti-liberal and pro-Islam. Menderes arrested the opposition party leader, instituted extensive censorship of the press and, in an at first seemingly minor decision that ultimately highlighted the Democrats’ shift away from both Turkish national identity and secularism, reverted broadcasts of the call to prayer announced from the nation’s mosques back to Arabic from Turkish. Fearing a reversion to reactionary Islamic government, the military intervened in 1960.Elections were held quickly thereafter in 1961. In a testament to the free nature of those elections, the new reactionary-friendly Justice Party (which replaced the banned Democrats) lost to the Kemalists by only 2% of the vote. Similar coups designed to quell the anti-liberal machinations of Islamist-leaning administrations also occurred in 1971 and 1980. The 1980 coup notably resulted in a new constitution, approved by referendum, which forbade “even partially basing the fundamental, social, economic, political and legal order of the state on religious tenets.” The new constitution also revamped the country’s National Security Council, the seats of which were to be divided equally between members of the prime minister’s civilian government and military leaders. The reworked NSC was designed to give the military a permanent, formal avenue by which it could express its concerns to the elected government. The hope was that the NSC would allow the military to check the excesses of Islamic reactionaries in the government while avoiding direct intervention. The system worked well for 20 years. There were no more coups, yet the military was able to keep those prime ministers with Islamic-reactionary tendencies honest. In Turkey, military intervention, or at least the threat thereof, has historically been a vital bulwark against encroaching reactionary Islam But the equilibrium was disturbed in the early 2000s. In 2003, current Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan assumed office. Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) is the direct descendant of the Islamic reactionary Democratic and Justice Parties. The military was initially able to keep Erdogan’s reactionary tendencies in check, but this success was relatively short lived. Around the time of Erdogan’s succession, negotiations concerning Turkish membership in the EU ramped up. As a condition of those talks, the undoubtedly well-meaning bigwigs in Brussels demanded more extensive subordination of the Turkish military to civilian authorities. The AKP-controlled parliament happily complied, weakening the role of the NSC and changing its membership to majority-civilian. In 2009, parliament also passed a law giving civilian courts jurisdiction to punish military personnel charged with threatening national security (read: intervening to temper the excesses of reactionary officials). Other similar changes, often put forth for the ostensible purpose of advancing Turkey’s prospects of EU membership, have also reduced the military’s influence. All these steps would be commendable, even crucial, in most liberal democracies. But in Turkey, the liberal-democratic consensus is not a broad as it is in Canada, the U.S. or Western Europe. While military coups are (usually rightly) seen as anathema to liberal democracy, in Turkey, military intervention, or at least the threat thereof, has historically been a vital bulwark against encroaching reactionary Islam. The military’s decline in influence over the past decade has given these reactionary forces a freer hand. Thus, the recently enacted restrictions on alcohol, the crackdown on public kissing in Ankara and other limitations on personal freedom. While the curbs on liberty have thus far been fairly modest, the fear is that the slow, unmistakable, march away from societal openness will continue. Turkey needs what every liberal society needs: A democratic government bounded by institutions strong enough to check that government’s encroachments on liberty. In the past, the Turkish military was such an institution, albeit an imperfect one. The presently weakened state of the military has emboldened Erdogan and company. He must be brought to heel. Let’s hope what we are witnessing now in Turkey is, in part, a revival of the Kemalist spirit. If military coups in Turkey are indeed obsolete, let’s hope that the present protests prove to be an ideological coup of sorts — a coup instituted by a minority passionately committed to personal liberty.