Wednesday, February 5, 2020

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#Pakistan #PPP - #Bilawal Bhutto Zardari warns of countrywide movement if #IMF deal not revised

The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari warned the government of a "countrywide movement" if it does not renegotiate its deal with the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

The PPP chairman was speaking at the inauguration event of the People's Urban Forest program in Lyari on Tuesday, Geo News reported.
He labeled it the "PTIMF" budget and said that the government had not negotiated the appropriate budget for the people. "We call upon the government to renegotiate its deal with the IMF," he said. "If that does not happen, we will launch a countrywide movement against this budget which is an enemy of the people,” he added. The PPP chairman said that neither did the people of Pakistan nor the PPP accept the budget by the PTI government. He blamed the PTI, saying that their government was robbing people of their economic rights.
“The federal government is robbing people of their economic rights,” he said. “Last year they gave us less than Rs100 billion in the NFC Award. This year, they have provided us Rs140 billion. With such an amount, how can we give employment to our people?” he asked.
He said that the PPP had always empowered the poor of the country and made policies for their welfare. Bilawal said the PPP had always provided employment to the people of Pakistan. “If arrangements could not be made to employ people in Pakistan then we ensured that their passports were made free so they could seek employment abroad,” he said.
Bilawal described the “Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP)” as a revolutionary concept and said that it was the first safety net initiative of Pakistan.
He blamed the government for “robbing” the people of the BISP and the money that was given to them as a result of the program. The PPP chairman called upon the people to become his source of strength so that the party is able to form its government again. Meanwhile, on the occasion of Kashmir Solidarity Day, Bilawal said that the only solution to the Kashmir issue is to respect to the wishes of the Kashmiri people and plebiscite in light of the UN resolutions to allow them to determine their own fate.
“The inaction of the international community in enforcing the UN resolutions had been a betrayal of the people of Kashmir,” he said. Bilawal said that every city, street and village in Pakistan is united by a single call, a call of solidarity with our Kashmiri brothers and sisters. “The people of Pakistan stand shoulder to shoulder with the Kashmiri people in the struggle for their right to self-determination,” he said.

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بلوچستان میں خواتین کی تعلیم کی صورتحال انتہائی مایوس کن

بلوچستان میں تعلیم کا شعبہ مجموعی طور پر مسائل کی وجہ سے زبوں حالی کا شکار ہے جبکہ صوبے میں خواتین کی تعلیم کی صورتحال کی تو انتہائی مایوس کن ہے۔
بلوچستان میں تعلیم نسواں کی حالت زار کا اندازہ ہیومین رائٹس واچ کی 2018 کی رپورٹ سے لگایا جاسکتا ہے۔
رپورٹ کے مطابق بلوچستان میں خواتین میں شرح تعلیم ملک کے دیگر حصوں کی نسبت سب سے کم ہے۔
مجموعی طور پر 18 فیصد کہی جانے والی تعلیم نسواں کی شرح حقیقت میں صوبے کے دیہی علاقوں میں محض 2 فیصد سے زیادہ نہیں ہے۔
لڑکوں کے تقریباً 10ہزار پرائمری اسکولوں کے مقابلے میں لڑکیوں کے لیے پرائمری اسکولوں کی تعداد ساڑھے 4 ہزار کے قریب ہے۔
اگر اسکولوں میں لڑکیوں کی تعلیم کی شرح کو دیکھا جائے تو یہ حقیقت سامنے آتی ہے کہ 42 فیصد پرائمری، 26 فیصد مڈل اور ان میں سے صرف 9 فیصد میٹرک تک تعلیم حاصل کرپاتی ہیں، یعنی پرائمری سے تعلیم کا سلسلہ شروع کرنے والی 91 فیصد بچیاں میٹرک کے بعد کالج کی سطح کی تعلیم سے محروم رہ جاتی ہیں۔
صوبے میں پرائمری تعلیم تک رسائی ابھی تک 56 فیصد بچوں کو حاصل ہوسکی ہے، جس میں 42 فیصد لڑکیاں ہیں، اس کا مطلب ہے کہ 58 فیصد اب بھی اسکولوں سے باہر ہیں، جیسے جیسے پرائمری سے اوپر مڈل اور ہائی کی سطح پر جاتے ہیں تو یہ حالت اور ابتر ہوتی جاتی ہے۔
ایسا نہیں کہ بلوچستان میں تعلیم کا حصول لڑکیوں اور خواتین کی خواہش نہیں، جس کا اندازہ مختلف شعبوں میں خدمات سرانجام دینے والی صوبے کی چند تعلیم یافتہ خواتین سے لگایا جاسکتا ہے۔
صوبے کے بڑے رقبے پر پھیلی ہوئی آبادی اور وہاں غربت و افلاس، اس پر خواتین کی کم سماجی حیثیت، اس سے جڑے دوسرے مسائل اور سہولیات کے فقدان کا کیا کیا جائے جو بچیوں کی تعلیم میں آڑے آرہے ہیں۔

#Pakistan’s in a state of confusion because it was born in state of confusion - Pervez Hoodbhoy

Speaking at a cultural festival in Karachi, nuclear physicist Pervez Hoodbhoy criticized Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the two-nation theory and the ruling government.

Pervez Hoodbhoy, a prominent Pakistani nuclear physicist and defense analyst, criticized his country’s government and said that “normal countries” worked for the betterment of their citizens. Speaking at a cultural festival in Karachi Saturday, Hoodbhoy said that Pakistan needed to “become a normal country”.
He added, “Pakistan is in a state of confusion because it was born in a state of confusion.”
Hoodbhoy also criticized the two-nation theory proposed by Pakistan’s founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah, which led to the bifurcation of British-ruled India into India and Pakistan. He explained, “The basis of Pakistan as articulated by Jinnah was that there are only two nations that live on this subcontinent, they are mutually hostile and can never live in peace. The second part was that Muslims must form a nation”.“The second part is completely nonsensical if Muslims formed a nation which would live at peace with every part of that nation we would not have Bangladesh,” added Hoodbhoy.
He also referred to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and said, “Given Modi’s ascent to power…we can see that hostility still exists between religions.”
Vocal against the current establishment
This not the first time Hoodbhoy has criticized the ruling establishment.
In a 2015 interview with The Diplomat, he said, “The liberal doesn’t want any ideologue, or an Islamic, Hindu, Christian, or Marxist state telling him or her what to do.”
He was also included in Foreign Policy magazine’s list of the 100 most influential global thinkers in 2011 for his “bold secular defiance”.
With a PhD in nuclear physics, Hoodbhoy serves as a distinguished professor of mathematics and physics at Zohra and ZZ Ahmed Foundation, Forman Christian College, Lahore.
He is a regular columnist with Pakistani daily Dawn and has been consistently vocal about the state of politics and media in his country. “The real fountainhead of irrationality in Pakistan is its electronic media. Cheap posturing, thrilling sound-bytes, unsupported claims — everything goes. In particular, you have the media mujahideen who have done enormous damage to the population’s power to reason,” he said in The Diplomat interview.
Criticized the two-nation theory
At the festival, Hoodbhoy expressed his disagreement with Jinnah over the formation of Pakistan, “Jinnah was never able to put down what Pakistan was supposed to be. He never wrote a single research paper or an essay.”
He said that while the broader idea of Pakistan was Muslim unity, this has not proven to be true. “If Muslims could live in peace together, we wouldn’t have the separatist movement in Balochistan, which again no one is allowed to talk about”.He also referred to the 1971 war and creation of Bangladesh and said, “State of confusion should have ended in 1971 when the two nation theory went into the Bay of Bengal. We should have gotten rid of it. It is nonsense today”.
‘Pakistan needs no ideology’
For Hoodbhoy the idea of Pakistan is “built in the common interest” of the Balochis, Sindhis, Punjabis, Pathans, Gilgits etc.
“Today, we don’t need an ideology for Pakistan,” he maintained and added that this was not a country for armed forces but a country for the people.He praised Bangladesh for its economic growth as well. “Look at Bangladesh, who were our cousins, they are doing much better than we are. Their forex reserves are four times ours and their quality of index is so much better.”