Monday, July 7, 2014

Afghanistan's Abdullah rejects election results as 'coup' against people

Afghan presidential contender Abdullah Abdullah's camp rejected preliminary results of last month's run-off election on Monday as a "coup" against the people, putting him on a dangerous collision course with his rival, Ashraf Ghani.
The Independent Election Commission on Monday announced that Ghani won the June 14 second round with 56.44 percent of the vote, according to preliminary results. The tally might change when the final official numbers come out on July 22.
Abdullah's camp responded angrily, saying the result was invalid as it did not throw out all the fraudulent votes.
"We don't accept the results which were announced today and we consider this as a coup against people's votes," said Mujib Rahman Rahimi, a spokesman for Abdullah's campaign.
His rejection sets the stage for a possible bloody standoff between ethnic groups or even secession of parts of the fragile country, which is already deeply divided along tribal lines.
Abdullah, a former anti-Taliban resistance fighter, has long alleged widespread fraud in the messy and protracted vote and insisted results should be delayed until all problematic poll stations have been audited.
Son of a Pashtun father and a Tajik mother, he draws much of his support from the Tajik minority in northern Afghanistan and is capable of drawing massive crowds who are likely to be equally enraged by Monday's announcement.
Ghani, for his part, has strong support from Pashtun tribes in the south and east. In the southern city of Kandahar, hundreds of people took to the streets late on Monday to celebrate.
Officials warned this was not the final result, however.
"The announcement of preliminary results does not mean that the leading candidate is the winner and there is possibly the outcome might change after we inspect complaints," IEC chief Ahmad Yousuf Nuristani told reporters.
The United States echoed the view.
"We have seen today’s announcement of preliminary results and note that these figures are not final or authoritative and may not predict the final outcome, which could still change based on the findings of the Afghan electoral bodies," State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said in a statement.
"Serious allegations of fraud have been raised and have yet to be adequately investigated."
The deadlock over the vote has quashed hopes for a smooth transition of power in Afghanistan, a concern for the West as most U.S.-led forces withdraw from the country this year.
Earlier on Monday, rival camps tried to find a last-minute compromise to keep Afghanistan from sliding into a protracted period of uncertainty.
Nuristani said the commission had received a request from Abdullah's camp to review ballot papers from more than 7,000 polling stations on suspicion of fraud - which could significantly alter the result if recounted. "We announced preliminary results today and it is now the complaints commission's duty to inspect this case," he said. "We are ready to provide any assistance until the end of the process.”
The vote to pick a successor to Hamid Karzai was intended to mark the first democratic transfer of power in Afghan history, a crucial step towards stability as NATO prepares to withdraw the bulk of its troops by the end of the year.
Western powers, particularly the United States, had hoped for a trouble-free process that would show that 12 years of their military involvement in Afghanistan were not in vain and contributed to the country's nation-building.
But the process has been fraught with accusations of cheating from the start.
Without a unifying leader accepted by all sides, Afghanistan could split into two or more fiefdoms along tribal fault lines, or even return to the bloody civil war of the 1990s.
Abdullah has accused Karzai, also a Pashtun, of playing a role in the alleged rigging in Ghani's favour and says he would accept the vote only if he saw firm evidence that fraudulent votes had been thrown out and the final result was clean.
Taliban insurgents remain a formidable security risk after vowing to disrupt the election process. On Monday, they killed a district police chief in the western city of Herat and attacked a check point in northern Afghanistan.

Afghanistan: Ghani Leads Preliminary Results

The Independent Election Commission (IEC) announced preliminary results of the runoff presidential election Monday evening with Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai leading with 56.44 percent.
Presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah fell behind with 43.56 percent.
Tonight's results were made up of 100 percent of votes cast across the country.
Head of IEC Ahmad Yousuf Nuristani said the total number of voters announced this evening was eight million; exactly 8,109,403.
Of the, little over eight million votes, 62.37 percent of the voters were male and 37.63 percent were female.
Dr. Ghani-Ahmadzai led the preliminary results with exactly 4,485,888 votes, with Dr. Abdullah trailing behind with 3,461,639 votes; a difference of exactly 1,024,249 votes between the two candidates.
During the announcement Nuristani said that the IEC accepts the fact that there were technical problems as well as frauds that took place in the election process.
He emphasized, after the announcement of the results, that these are not the final results.
"The announcement preliminary result does not mean the winner has been announced," Nuristani said. "The investigation of votes could have impacts on the final results, so we demand the candidates and their supporters to stay calm."
He added that on Election Day a total of 928 polling sites were closed, of which 579 were closed prior to elections, 299 sites votes were not cast and 50 stations were declared closed by the election commission because of security reasons.
In reaction to the preliminary results, Mujib Rahman Rahimi, spokesman to Abdullah's electoral camp, said they expected a total of seven million votes including frauds, but IEC chairman's announcement of eight million votes was unexpected.
"We do not accept the results announced this evening by the IEC," Rahimi told TOLOnews.
According to the IEC runoff election timeline, the publication of the final results will be July 22.

A Recent Report Tags Pakistan As “Dangerous Country For Religious Minorities”

A new report terms Pakistan as one of the most dangerous countries in the world for religious minorities.
In line with a recent report publicized by Minority Rights Group International (MRG): Pakistan is one of the most dangerous countries in the world for religious minorities. The Minority Rights Group International sent this report to Fides Agency which was released to create Human Rights violation awareness. This report sent by the Minority Rights Group International notes: since 1980, attacks on minority groups (Christians, Hindus, Muslims, Shiites and Hazaras) have been on the rise and also the “targeted killings” have reached unprecedented levels.
This report was based on the official figures and facts thus available to the organization. Their report further discussed that: the attacks against Shiite and Hazaras communities have a “disturbing level” (700 Shiites killed in 2013). The organization termed the Pakistani Government’s counter-action as “totally inadequate” response of the Pakistani government, which “should send a clear message, showing that such attacks are unacceptable and do not go unpunished. The organization further state in this report that: Turning a blind eye to the atrocities, the government legitimizes a culture of impunity among the militant groups, while minorities live in fear everyday. If criminals are not brought to justice quickly, more mass violence on minority groups is likely to happen.
Furthermore, the report states that: most of the attacks are carried out by three militant groups Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP), Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LEJ) and Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TPP). The main targets are, above all, professionals, doctors, lawyers, politicians, businessmen, religious leaders and human rights activists. According several interviews of local Human Rights activists conducted by the Minority Rights Group International, these attacks are designed to depress and sideline the religious minority communities living in Pakistan; causing massive exodus of the Christians from Pakistan. The report highlights that the “climate of fear” is being stimulated with hate campaigns conducted in mosques, schools, public spaces and social media. - See more at:

Pakistan: Factionalism in PML-N

Most of the problems the PML-N faces are caused by the prime minister’s highly personalised style of governance. The PML-N has no party life, no decision making bodies, no internal discussion and debate. The party chief keeps party members at arm’s length. Not to speak of ordinary lawmakers, even cabinet ministers cannot turn to him for help or advice. Nawaz Sharif continues to retain several portfolios, relying on bureaucrats instead of sharing his responsibilities with party colleagues. The cabinet meetings are infrequent as key decisions are taken by a kitchen cabinet that mostly comprises family members.
As there are no clear policy directions, one hand in the government does not know what the other is doing. Cabinet ministers openly contradict each other. A few months back Ch Nisar publicly ridiculed Sartaj Aziz on his statement regarding Washington’s assurance to suspend drone strikes. While Nisar called most TTP leaders patriots, some of his colleagues described them in TV shows as criminals and cutthroats who were out to destroy the country.
Instead of reconciling the differences between important leaders, there has been a tendency to look the other way as they fought against each other. The struggle for influence and power led some of the party old timers to form factions. Nawaz Sharif’s policy of promoting different leaders at different times further strengthened the tendency. This has led to the ongoing face-off between the interior minister and the party leadership.
The prime minister is reportedly going to expand the cabinet. The step is welcome as it would remove one of the old grievances among the ruling party parliamentarians. What is needed on Sharif’s part is to run the party on democratic lines. Decisions should be taken at proper forums after thorough discussions instead of being made arbitrarily and at the spur of the moment. None should be allowed to defy them. Differences within the party are useful only if they are expressed at proper forums and kept within manageable limits.

For harmony: North Waziristan poets have a change of heart, resist with words

The Express Tribune
First the Khan of the hujra used to beat me, and now the cleric beats me.
These are some of the simplified lines from poet Heran Mohmand that, despite their misery, resist by virtue of naming and shaming the perpetrator of violence.
Nearly a decade of militancy and violence has hardened the poets from North Waziristan Agency. The bloodshed and insecurity has taken a toll on their work while simultaneously painfully turning it into fodder for their writings which reflect the chaos they witness every day, says poet Saleem Zaheer.
The tribal poet, a member of the Wahdat Adabi Tolna of Miranshah, has written several war poems that emanated out of his first-hand experience of the conflict in North Waziristan.
“Poets jot down what they observe in their surroundings and their work is rife with personal experiences and perspectives on their environment,” he says. This is why the poetry of Waziristan is markedly different from what you will find in parts of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa which speak more of resistance. “Us Waziristanis are suppressed from all sides,” Zaheer says. “Not only are we victims of militancy but of Pakistani society as well.”
But despite living in deplorable circumstances, the agency’s poets have long managed to organise a monthly meeting in which they recite poetry on peace, which is the need of the hour. These gatherings emerged from the tradition of reciting poetry at events like weddings. Abdul Nasir Makhdoom, a Pashto poet from Bannu, is one person who has regularly visited North Waziristan for such gatherings. A large number of people show up, he says. “If there is peace they will write about peace and if there is war the poet will write on war,” he explains. There is no escaping your environment.
According to Makhdoom, many poets who regularly wrote war poems have come to Bannu and seen the miseries of the people displaced from the agency. “They have changed their minds and want to write about peace now,” he claims. The poets seem to understand that they can do something to lift spirits and push for peace in the area. They felt bound by the realities of war. Their conscience did not allow them to turn away from it; they had to write about it. But now they understand that resistance in the form of imagining peace is also important. In the words of one poet:
“The words brought to me by the Zephyr are clear. The message of the massacre in every village is clear. By telling lies, the conscience pricks, if you tell the truth, you will know your fate.”
They feel, however, that their contributions are generally neglected by the media. Zaheer laments that the government and the people of Pakistan have neglected tribal poets for decades. “Neither the government nor any civil society organisation has arranged any platform for poets to showcase their work,” he adds.
The good news is that in Bannu, the Wazir tribes of the agency have their own literary societies and have decided to hold a gathering on Eid for internally displaced poets,” adds Makhdoom. “The agenda will be peace.”

Pakistan: PPP’s dire straits

Although this year too, as usual, the PPP held seminars to condemn the July 5, 1977 military coup against Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s government, it was inescapable that the party commemorated arguably one of the most important days in its history more with a whimper than a bang. Seminars reiterating the party’s adherence to the democratic system, going to the extent of promising support to the incumbent PML-N government against all attempts to destabilise democracy and replace it with some ‘doctored’ dispensation that would be essentiality a back door anti-democratic dispensation, were held in Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi and Quetta. The PPP reiterated its stance despite what it described as differences with the government. Senator Raza Rabbani stretched logic by arguing that the recent revelations of the US’s National Security Agency’s (NSA’s) spying on the PPP when it was in power in the last government proved that not only reactionary internal forces but also foreign imperialists were behind Bhutto’s overthrow and eventual hanging by General Ziaul Haq. Whereas the argument that the US was hostile to Bhutto because of his efforts to unite the Muslim world and give Pakistan a nuclear deterrent hold weight, to extrapolate backwards in a completely different context and time the NSA’s ‘universal’ spying on governments, political parties, organisations and even individuals as proving the point of imperialist hostility is a tenuous case. Of course the PPP’s argument that the country is suffering from religious extremism, sectarianism and terrorism because of General Zia’s ‘contributions’ to these phenomena is difficult to disagree with.
The thrust of the PPP leaders and speakers’ speeches on the day centred on proving the credentials of the PPP as a democratic, anti-imperialist party. The first part is proved by the track record of the PPP since the restoration of democracy in 1988 and again in 2008. However, the latter description, including what was once the PPP’s progressive or even socialist bent, would be difficult to trace in the party’s pronouncements or practice for long years now. That bent owed much to the spirit of the 1968-69 movement against Ayub Khan’s dictatorship in which the demand for the restoration of democracy was underlined with very many radical formulae in the direction of a socialist order. All that has been history for a very long time now and the PPP currently, despite its exertions, would be hard put to it to establish itself as a party of the left currently. The main reason for this decline, and the weakening of the party generally, is the loss of its once redoubtable fortress of Punjab. How the mighty have fallen if one recalls that in the 1970 elections, the received wisdom was that even if the PPP put up a lamppost as a candidate in the 1970 elections in Punjab, it would win against all comers. Bhutto’s overthrow in 1977 and subsequent hanging by General Zia in 1979 was of course a body blow to the PPP and forced it to struggle for survival against the military dictatorship’s repression as well as struggle for the restoration of democracy, the high point of which was the MRD movement of 1983. The crushing of that movement sounded with hindsight the death knell of the PPP’s left wing orientation as well. The PPP’s subsequent political trajectory under Ms Benazir Bhutto reflected a pragmatic acceptance of the currents of the time, centred on liberal democracy and neo-liberal economics. That of course left little or no room for left wing ideas. Not only did the PPP as an organisation decline in its stronghold Punjab since 1977 because of extreme repression, its subsequent leadership in Punjab never proved equal to the task of survival, revival and dynamism required in Punjab on the basis of the original programme of the rights of workers, peasants and the common man. Incremental abandonment of the party’s left ideology has rendered it, apart from leadership issues, weak and ineffective in Punjab. The results of last year’s elections prove the point, in which the PPP was virtually wiped out in Punjab, where the contest was largely between the right wing PML-N and the PTI. The party has been reduced to a rump party with support only in Sindh.
To restore its glory days, the PPP will have to return to its left roots, especially in Punjab, and bring in a leadership in the province capable of inspiring the demoralised ranks of its workers and supporters.

Out of bounds: Pakistani asylum-seekers in Sri Lanka

By Lasanda Kurukulasuriya
Pakistani asylum seekers in limbo as authorities get tough. A view from Sri Lanka
While asylum seekers have been known to originate from Sri Lanka in large numbers seeking a better life in western countries, it is a little unusual for the island to make the news for hosting them. An influx of asylum seekers from Pakistan to Sri Lanka has created such a situation, and has caught the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) and others unprepared, it seems.
The suspension a week ago of the visa-on-arrival facility for Pakistani nationals travelling to Sri Lanka signalled that the issue had reached a turning point with immigration authorities. The arrest and detention of 142 Pakistani asylum seekers and refugees last month came without warning, and has created a climate of fear and insecurity among the community of 1,433 asylum seekers and 185 refugees who are Pakistani nationals, currently in Sri Lanka. Most of them are from the Ahmadi community, considered apostate in Pakistan, while there are some Christians and Sunni Muslims too. The steep increase in arrivals took place in 2013.
In 2012, asylum seekers of all nationalities totaled just 200, and refugees 103, according to the UN refugee agency.
While there have been media reports that suggest those arrested are to be deported, the agency’s Colombo office says there were no deportations as of June 30, 2014. The UNHCR has not been informed of the government’s intentions with regard to the detainees, nor the charges against which the arrests were made. It has reminded the Sri Lankan government of its obligation to observe the principle of ‘non-refoulement,’ which forbids the handing over of victims of persecution to their persecutors. “Sri Lanka is not a signatory to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol,” according to Dushanthi Fernando, a spokesperson for UNHCR. “The cooperation with UNHCR is based on the agreement signed between the UNHCR and the government of Sri Lanka in 2005 that contains references to UNHCR Statute, 1951 Convention and 1967 Protocol. In addition, Sri Lanka is bound by observance of the principle of non-refoulement that has attained the status of international customary law.
The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) says the visa- on-arrival facility, which allows a 30-day stay with the possibility of extension, was designed to promote tourism, but has been abused by some Pakistanis who used it to gain entry to the country and then walked into the UNHCR to claim refugee status. “We don’t want such people to come here and be a nuisance to the local community,” says A.M.J. Sadiq, Director General of Public Communications MEA.
The MEA maintains that immigration authorities made the policy change decision.
Repeated attempts to reach the Controller of Immigration for comment were unsuccessful.
“No one wants to leave their motherland. All we want is safety for our lives and for our children to have a future,” says Maria (56), a physiotherapist who has been living for over a year with her husband and son (17) in the coastal town of Negombo, 38 kilometres north of Colombo where most of the community is concentrated.
Speaking on the phone, she says, she was a Christian who engaged in evangelism and faced death threats in Pakistan. She ran a clinic back home, but had to keep shifting and eventually had to close it. “We have religious freedom in Sri Lanka” says Maria (not her real name).
The task of ascertaining the genuineness of an asylum claim is said to take up to two years. The UNHRC says once people are recognised as refugees the agency supports them “until a durable solution is found for them”. This usually means relocation in a third country ready to accept them.
The asylum seekers in Negombo are partly supported by a Netherlands-based organisation called Pakistani European Christian Alliance (PECA) that pays their rent, it is learnt. The local mosques and churches in this predominantly Catholic town also assist them.
“My concern is for the children — there are about 60 — with no proper school education,” says Fr. Terrence Bodiya Baduge, the parish priest of St. Sebastian’s church. He had arranged informal classes for the children with volunteers from among the asylum seekers, but the school had to close when three of its five teachers were arrested during the recent roundup and taken to a detention centre in Boossa, the pastor adds. An Urdu language mass held twice a month was also discontinued, as people no longer came because of fear.
He observes, it is possible that not all asylum seekers’ cases are genuine, but humane considerations take precedence. “I’m helping them because they are human beings,” he says.
Given the suddenness of the visa policy change and arrest of the Pakistani nationals with no reasons given, the media have also speculated on the realpolitik dimension of these developments. Reports point out that when India’s new Prime Minister Narendra Modi met Sri Lanka’s President Mahinda Rajapaksa for bilateral talks following his swearing in ceremony in New Delhi in May, one of the concerns he raised was the possibility that Pakistani terrorist groups were using Sri Lanka to plan attacks against India.
“The Sri Lankan administration is in danger of falling between two stools, in its inept handling of its relations with India and Pakistan,” says political analyst Dr Dayan Jayatilleka. “The possibility of deportation of Pakistanis seems to me to be a Sri Lankan sop to a neighbouring Cerberus.” Elaborating, he says, Indo-Lanka relations have been eroded by several issues, above all the non-fulfillment of the Sri Lankan leadership’s pledge to the government of India to fully and expeditiously implement the 13th amendment to the constitution which makes for devolution of power to the provinces, most pertinently the Tamil dominated Northern Province. “…The Sri Lankan ruling elite seems to have settled on assuaging India’s security threat perceptions with relation to the use of Sri Lanka as a transit point or staging post by Islamic extremists. The crackdown on Pakistani immigrants takes place against this backdrop.”


By Tushar Ranjan Mohanty
Security Forces (SFs) involved in the ongoing military operation, Zarb-e-Azb [Sword of the Prophet], in the North Waziristan Agency (NWA) of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), have so far killed a total of 391 alleged terrorists. 19 troopers have also lost their lives during the Operation that began at 01:30am [PST] on June 15, 2014. A total of 61 terrorist hideouts have been neutralized.
Reports suggest that the Operation has primarily targeted the Hafiz Gul Bahadur faction of the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP-Hafiz Faction), which has just come out of the truce pact with the Government signed back in 2006, and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU). While the TTP-Hafiz Faction has been targeted because it has turned renegade, the IMU is being targeted because of its blatant claim to having attacked the Karachi Airport on June 8-9, 2014, in which at least 33 persons, including all ten attackers, were killed, as well as its recent record.
Claiming responsibility for the attack, the IMU posted a statement that read, “…This is revenge for the killing of civilians, migrant women and their children. This is revenge for the violence of the corrupt Pakistani Government.” The statement signed by Usman Ghazi, IMU emir, concludes, “The jihad already in place in Afghanistan should be extended to Pakistan’s territory as well. Jihad in Pakistan should be fought by the entire Muslim Ummah and not just a few people or groups.” Pakistani Major General Rizvan Akhtar, speaking on the day of the attack, had claimed that there were Uzbeks among the suicide fighters in Karachi, and some reports claimed that most of the slain terrorists were Uzbeks. TTP had also claimed responsibility for the attack.
It was claimed that the attack on Karachi Airport was retaliation against the May 21, 2014, aerial attack by the military in NWA. At least 60 terrorists, mostly Uzbek, were killed in those attacks.
The Karachi Airport attack was not first of its kind in which direct involvement of Uzbek terrorists had been established. Prominent among such attacks were the following:
July 30, 2013: At least 24 persons, including 12 Policeman and four prisoners, were killed and nine others were injured when around 150 terrorists, including Uzbeks, stormed the Central Prison at Dera Ismail Khan in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province. More than 243 prisoners were set free. Police later re-arrested 48 prisoners.
December 15, 2012: Nine persons, including five terrorists and four civilians, were killed and another 40 were injured, when a group of terrorists, including Uzbeks, attacked Bacha Khan International Airport in Peshawar, KP.
April 15, 2012: Around 200 terrorists, including Uzbeks, stormed a prison in Bannu town in Bannu District of KP and freed 384 inmates, including one on death row for trying to assassinate former President General (Retd.) Pervez Musharraf. KP Home Secretary Azam Khan later disclosed that, out of the 384 prisoners who had fled the jail, 108 had voluntarily returned while another 35 had been arrested by law enforcement agencies.
May 22, 2011: 18 SF personnel were killed when four Uzbek terrorists orchestrated a suicide attack on the PNS Mehran at Shahrah-e-Faisal in Karachi, the provincial capital of Sindh. Two P3C-Orion surveillance aircraft of the Pakistan Navy were destroyed, while a third was damaged in the attack.
Though the IMU has declared no particular ideological hostility towards the Pakistan Army or Government, their continuous association with the TTP and al Qaeda fraternity, and the losses they have suffered during military operations, have pitted them against the state.
Even as Operation Zarb-e-Azb was launched, Pakistani authorities began to proclaim its ‘success’. On June 16, 2014, an unnamed Pakistan intelligence official stated, “Up to 150 people were killed during the strikes early Sunday [June 15]. These strikes were carried out based on confirmed reports about the presence of Uzbek and other terrorists in the area.” An Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) Press Release asserted that terrorists linked to the attack on Karachi Airport were present in the hideouts that had been bombed. Abu Abdur Rehman Almani, a key ‘Uzbek commander’, and alleged mastermind of the Karachi Attack, was killed in the first day of Operation Zarb-e-Azb. There has been no independent verification of these claims.
According to the Foreign Military Studies Office, a research and analysis centre for the US Army, the IMU was established by Tahir Yuldashev and Juma Namangani in 1998 in Uzbekistan, and declared jihad against the Governments of Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. Their ultimate goal was to overthrow the secular government of President Islam Karimov and establish an Islamic caliphate in Uzbekistan. The IMU later established links with the Afghan Taliban as well as al Qaeda. After moving to Northern Afghanistan, following Uzbek Army raids on their bases, Yuldashev took an ‘oath of allegiance’ to Afghan Taliban chief Mullah Omar. Juma Namangani was killed in Afghanistan in November 19, 2001, while fighting for Kunduz town. His death left Yuldashev solely in command. The IMU managed to survive US air strikes after 9/11, although it was considerably weakened. Tahir Yuldashev successfully re-organised the group in the tribal areas of North and South Waziristan over subsequent years.
Having initially settled in South Waziristan, Yuldashev became “a star speaker” in local mosques. He adopted al Qaeda’s agenda and turned the IMU into one of the strongest non-Arab al Qaeda groups. The IMU also established close ties with the TTP.
In 2007-08, with the backing of the Pakistan Army, pro-government TTP leader Mullah Nazir (the then South Waziristan TTP chief) started fight against IMU militants in South Waziristan Agency. During the period, at least 250 Uzbeks were killed and hundreds fled to NWA and Afghanistan.
On August 27, 2009, Tahir Yuldashev was killed in a US drone attack in South Waziristan. His ‘deputy’ Abu Usman Adil became new IMU head, but was also killed in a drone attack on April 29, 2012, in Miranshah, NWA. According to The Long War Journal, Adil augmented IMU’s profile in Pakistan and Northern Afghanistan after Yuldashev’s death and developed strong ties with TTP. After Adil’s elimination, his ‘second-in-command’, Usman Ghazi took control of IMU, and currently heads the outfit.
After Mullah Nazir was killed in a US drone attack on January 2, 2013, Uzbek terrorists once again started regaining strength in SWA.
Based on its relations with TTP, IMU now has sanctuaries in the Mir Ali area of North Waziristan. Both terrorist groups have joined hands to launch deadly attacks in Pakistan. Worryingly, media reports indicate, more than 5,000 Uzbek terrorists from the IMU have taken shelter in the North and South Waziristan Agencies. Indeed, former Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) official, Asad Munir, tweeted on June 25: “Mosakai, a village in Mir Ali area of NWA had so many Uzbek, that the village was known as Uzbekistan.”
As with past military operations against terrorist formations in Pakistan, sufficient prior warning was available, and a mass exodus of foreign, especially Uzbek, terrorists began before the start of Operation Zarb-e-Azb, creating the danger of these terrorists simply shifting to other parts of the country. Balochistan, which shares a porous border with the region, is under imminent threat. Naveed Khalid, a senior intelligence official based in Islamabad, conceded, “Our internal security wing … revealed that a large number of IMU terrorists have fled [North Waziristan] and reportedly entered Balochistan to hide among traders, merchants and labourers in Zhob and adjacent areas in the Province… We have intercepted several calls … which disclosed that the IMU has provided suicide bombers to Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)-linked terrorists in Balochistan and they had planned new attacks on their targets.” Another intelligence official, Ahed Khan, stated, “The TTP and the IMU have long been collaborating with each other and conducting joint terrorist operations. … They have carried out several attacks in Balochistan, targeting security forces, [other] Muslims and top government officials.”
Balochistan Home and Tribal Affairs Secretary Akbar Hussain Durrani, however claimed, “Our forces are highly able to combat foreign terrorists in the region. All law enforcement agencies have been directed to keep an eye on those areas [containing a number of Tajiks and Uzbeks] to foil any expected terrorist activity. We have also deployed additional troops on the entry points in Balochistan close to … Waziristan, and our bordering districts are under strict surveillance to ensure the checking of each individual crossing into the province.” “As wth Quetta is a hub for Uzbeks and Tajiks, and thousands of these foreigners are living in and around the city,” he informed. There are an estimated 70,000 Uzbeks in Pakistan.
Characteristic of past counter-terrorist operations in Pakistan, the present Operation Zarb-e-Azb has displaced large civilian populations, with Pakistan’s Army relying overwhelmingly on aerial attacks, and using long range weapons, rather than genuinely engaging on the ground. The operations also left wide open spaces for terrorists to escape the area in the guise of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), with a belated ‘ground offensive’ commencing on June 30, a full fifteen days after the start of the Operation. Reports indicate that, by July 4, the number of people displaced from NWA as a result of Operation Zarb-e-Azb had crossed 570,000, including 240,000 children. Meanwhile, a report titled, ‘An Eyewitness Account of Pakistan’s War in North Waziristan’, published on June 26, 2014, observed, “We tried hard to probe the impact of Pakistani air strikes. In interviews with dozens of North Waziristan residents, including those in villages targeted by sorties, it became apparent that few militants were killed in the aerial bombing strikes, and most victims were civilians.”
The IMU is another of Pakistan’s favoured terrorist formations, at one time, integral to Islamabad’s Afghan strategy, as were an array of other foreign terrorist groups. It has now gone renegade and turned on its one-time masters. While it may be forced to shift location from time to time as a result of the Army’s reluctant Counter Terrorism (CT) operations, it has now demonstrated its capacities to strike with devastating impact virtually across the country, and has created a complex web of linkages with other terrorist formations across the AfPak region.

Pakistan: PPP to arrange relief goods for IDPs
The top leadership of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) has directed all the district heads of the party to arrange for the emergency provision of relief goods for displaced persons from North Waziristan Agency (NWA).
A number of truckloads of essential items have been arranged by PPP leaders belonging to Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Attock, Jehlum and Chakwal. This was said by PPP Divisional Head Raja Imran Ashraf, former federal minister Sardar Saleem Haider and PPP Punjab Council member Gulzar Awan during a meeting held here on Thursday, said a press release.
Ashraf and Haider said that all the district heads were directed by the party leadership to make immediate contact with affluent party workers to help the IDPs. They said that the PPP would provide urgent humanitarian aid and food supplies to more than 50,000 families living in camps in Bannu. Haider said that a team of doctors along with medicines would also be arranged to provide healthcare facilities to the IDPs. He also appealed to the philanthropists to come forward and shoulder their responsibilities to help the displaced persons.
Awan said that the war against terrorists in the NWA was to create a safer future for the country. “As the numbers of internally displaced persons are swelling, our top leadership has directed us to step forward to provide relief to the IDPs,” he added.
Awan said that clean potable water, lifesaving drugs, crockery, tents, food items and other essential goods would be provided to the displaced persons. He said that a number of trucks carrying relief items would be send as first consignment in the next few days.
“We will not leave the IDPs alone and helpless. We will take care of them till the operation against terrorists is over and the people are able to return to their homes,” Awan stated.

Mismanagement mars IDPs’ registration process in Peshawar
Registration process repeatedly disturbed due to a large number of IDPs, closed two hours before announced time
Mismanagement in the registration process for Internally Displaced Persons (IDP’s) of North Waziristan has irked the applicants, leading to skirmishes between the IDPs and personnel of the law enforcement agencies.
Following the military offensive, Operation Zarb-e-Azb, launched in NWA to eliminate terrorists, many tribesmen from NWA have shifted to Peshawar and other cities and town.
FATA Disaster Management Authority (FDMA) initiated IDPs’ registration at Government College for Commerce and Management, Hayatabad, Peshawar on Monday, seeking to enable the displaced tribesmen to get assistance. FDMA Deputy Director Dr Haseeb said that the registration process will continue till July 14.
According to reports, the first day was allocated for tribesmen from Miranshah but tribesmen from all over NWA thronged the registration centre. They arrived before well before 8am, the official starting time for the registration process, and formed long queues to get registered.
Due to the excessive load of people and mismanagement, the registration process was repeatedly disturbed and law enforcers were called in to control the people. The registration process was finally suspended at 2pm, two hours before the official closing time.
Akhtar Rasool, a tribal elder from NWA who is living in Islamabad, said that he arrived at around 7am and remained part of the queue till 2pm. “Due to the rush and mismanagement, I was unable to get myself registered,” he said.
A similar complaint was made by Muhammad Shah hailing from Shawa tehsil of NWA. He alleged kickbacks in the process of registration, demanding that the government streamline the process.
The FDMA deputy director has attributed the mismanagement to the “race amongst reporters of various news channels media for getting the best footages”.
“The reporters and cameramen were trying to get as close as possible to the registration booths to cover the process,” he said, adding that the media personnel crowded the registration booths, hampering the process.
The FDMA deputy director said another reason for the overcrowding and resultant mismanagement was that “many of the tribesmen who showed up for registration were already registered but insisted on getting themselves registered at Peshawar”.
The FDMA deputy director insisted that the arrangements were complete and comprehensive. He said that 12 booths were established for males and four for females.
He said that a private telecommunication company is issuing specials SIMS to the IDPs which can be used by the IDPs to receive cash assistance. Haseeb said that the scrutiny of SIMS and registration cards is in progress, adding that the IDPs would get the cash amount in the next few days.
Besides Peshawar, the registration process of NWA IDPs is also in progress at Bannu.
According to the FDMA, the number of registered IDPs has swelled to 752,320 individuals from 58,663 families and the number is expected to increase as thousands of tribesmen are now approaching the IDP registration centers.

Pakistan army chief tells troops to ‘eliminate terrorists’
By Mohsin Ali
General Raheel Sharif commends chain of command for efforts in North Waziristan
Visiting troops on the front lines in North Waziristan tribal region Monday, Pakistan army chief General Raheel Sharif “once again emphasised on the officers and men to eliminate all local and foreign terrorists and their sanctuaries”. According to a press release issued by the military’s public relations wing, the army chief talked to “valiant troops in the middle of operation in Miranshah,” the main town in North Waziristan.
Alluding to the end objective, he affirmed that terrorists “will be chased and hunted down across the country till their final elimination.”
He lauded the troops for their “courage, dedication and high state of morale” and expressed his satisfaction over the progress achieved so far since the start of the operation on June 15
The Chief of Army Staff (COAS) commended the entire chain of command for their determined efforts in planning, preparation, mobilisation and execution of the operation. “He acknowledged and appreciated the support of the entire nation and avowed that Inshallah (God willing) with unflinching national resolve and clear direction, we will accomplish our mission and rid Pakistan of the scourge of terrorism,” the Inter-Services Public Relations said.
General Raheel Sharif especially paid tribute to Shuhada (soldiers killed in battle) and those wounded. Paying tribute to the internally displaced persons (IDPs) for their sacrifices to restore writ of the state, he acknowledged the national spirit and support for them from across the country.
The general reaffirmed that the army will not abandon tribal brethren in their hour of need and all possible assistance will be rendered to the government and various organisations in bringing maximum relief to IDPs. The COAS also assured of the army’s role in rebuilding and restoring normalcy in the restive North Waziristan region after the completion of the operation.
According to the latest official report 572,529 IDPs have been registered since the evacuation of the civilian population from North Waziristan began after the launch of the operation. Camps for the IDPs have been set up in neighbouring Bannu district and other places in northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, where Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party runs the regional government.
Khan, speaking to tribal elders during a visit to Bannu on Sunday, urged the Pakistan army to allow foreign aid agencies to do relief work for the displaced families. The PTI leader said the required no-objection certificates should be immediately issued to NGOs so that they could bring relief goods from abroad. Khan said he along with the provincial chief minister would talks to the army chief to permit donor agencies’ access to IDPs. In an interview to BBC, Khan described the events of the last few weeks as an “unfolding human tragedy” and emphasised that without NGOs assistance his party’s government in the region would not be able to cope with the situation. Hundreds of terrorists have been killed over the past three weeks in North Waziristan, most in air strikes on their hideouts, according to the military. The operation was launched after breakdown of peace talks between the government and the outlawed Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan involved in a bloody insurgency since 2007. Defence Minister Khawaja Asif told the media that the operation in North Waziristan was continuing successfully with the backing of the nation.
He said the government wanted early completion of the operation, though no time frame had been set for this.

Pakistan’s Shia Under Attack

Phelim Kine
The group of around 300 Shia Hazara pilgrims who had been visiting religious shrines in neighboring Iran never knew what hit them. Within minutes after they arrived at the Pakistani border town of Taftan on June 9, the heavily-armed gunmen from the Sunni Islamist militant group Jaish –ul-Islam rampaged through their hotel.
The attackers – including suicide bombers – raked the pilgrims with machine gun fire and tossed hand grenades. At least 30 died, including at least nine women and a child. After a prolonged firefight, Pakistani security forces killed the attackers.
For Pakistan’s beleaguered Shia, who constitute 20 percent of the country’s overwhelmingly Muslim population, the incident was gruesome déjà vu. An attack on a Shia pilgrim bus convoy travelling to Taftan, in southwestern Balochistan province, from Iran on January 21 killed at least 22 pilgrims and injured dozens of others. The government has not arrested any suspects in that incident.
That earlier attack was claimed by the Sunni militant group Lakshar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ), a Pakistani-Taliban -affiliated organization that views Shia Muslims as heretics and their killing as religiously justified. Pakistani media reported that the government had ignored intelligence warnings of an impending attack ahead of the June 9 massacre. Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan responded to the attack by banning Shia pilgrims from traveling by road between Quetta and the Iranian border, saying it was impossible to “fully secure” the route.
The Taftan attacks – and the Pakistan government’s failure to adequately protect the Shia or to apprehend their killers – are scandalously symptomatic of an epidemic of violence that has claimed the lives of thousands of Pakistani Shia since 2008. Human Rights Watch has recorded the killing of 850 Shia by Pakistani Sunni militants in 2012 and 2013 alone. As international attention focuses on the growing threat of Sunni-Shia sectarian violence in Iraq following the incursion of the militant group the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), a Human Rights Watch report released on June 30 documents an ongoing vicious campaign of violence against the Shia in Pakistan.
There has been sporadic sectarian violence between Pakistan’s Sunni and Shia militant groups for decades. But in the past five years, that violence has become overwhelmingly one-sided as groups including Jaish –ul-Islam and the LeJ have waged an increasingly brutal campaign against Pakistan’s Shia. Balochistan has become the epicenter for this slaughter due to its 700-mile porous border with Afghanistan. That proximity to Afghanistan has made the province a nexus of Taliban militancy, fostering the emergence of domestic Sunni extremist groups as the LeJ.
Following the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, Balochistan’s Hazara community has borne the brunt of the Sunni militant violence due to their distinctive facial features, which easily identify them as Shia and Hazara. More than 500 Hazara have been killed in sectarian attacks in Balochistan since 2008.
Since 2009, LeJ killings of Shia Hazara have morphed from the targeting of individuals including Hazara police personnel, doctors, bureaucrats and business people, to mass bombing attacks that have killed dozens. Two attacks in January and February 2013 by LeJ militants against Hazara in Balochistan’s provincial capital, Quetta, which is home a half-million Hazaras, resulted in the highest death tolls for individual acts of sectarian violence in Pakistan since Pakistan’s wrenching partition from India in 1947.
On January 30, a LeJ suicide bombing of a Quetta snooker club frequented by Hazaras killed 96 and injured at least 150. Many of the dead and injured were victims of a car bomb that detonated near the club 10 minutes after the initial blast, striking those who had gone to assist the injured. On February 17, a bomb detonated in a vegetable market in a predominantly Hazara neighborhood in Quetta killed at least 84 Hazara and injured more than 160. LeJ militants had rigged hundreds of kilograms of explosives to a water tanker truck, which they detonated in the middle of the crowded shopping district.
The Pakistani government’s response to this violemce suggests incompetence, indifference or possible complicity by security forces and other state personnel with the extremists. Authorities have failed to apprehend or prosecute members of militant groups, including the LeJ, that have claimed responsibility for such attacks. While Pakistan and Balochistan authorities claim to have arrested dozens of suspects linked to attacks against Shia since 2008, only a handful have been actually charged with any crimes.
The poster child of Pakistani impunity for killings of Shia Hazara is Malik Ishaq, the operational chief of the LeJ since 2002. In October 1997, Ishaq admitted to an Urdu language newspaper his involvement in the killing of over 100 people. He has faced prosecution for alleged involvement in some 44 incidents of violence involving killings of 70 people, the majority Shia. However, the courts have not convicted him for any of those killings and have acquitted him in 40 terrorism-related cases. They include three acquittals by a Rawalpindi court on May 29 on the basis that “evidence against Ishaq was not sufficient for further proceedings.”
That culture of impunity has traumatized Quetta’s Hazara community, and safety concerns have effectively ghettoized them. Since 2012, Quetta’s Hazara have been compelled to limit their activities to the Hazara-dominated neighborhoods of Marriabad and Hazara Town. That has imposed increasing economic hardship on the community and limited their freedom of movement and safe access to education. Hazara unwilling to endure such economic and social privation have fled Pakistan to seek refuge in other countries.
Until the Pakistan government takes all necessary measures to stop that campaign of violence, the slaughter of Shia in Balochistan will continue with a vengeance.